October 2007


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The world does not want to give Africa the credit of establishing the first university. Out of the first five universities, three were on the continent of Africa. Before we could talk about the University of Bologna, Italy (Europe’s first), the University of Paris, France or Cambridge and Oxford of the United Kingdom we had two of our own. 

The University of Al-Karaouine was established in 859 AD (approx CE) at Fes in Morocco, Al-Azhar University was established in 989 AD (approx CE) at Cairo, Egypt and the famous University of Timbuktu was established in 1139 AD (approx CE) at Timbuktu in Mali. Timbuktu was actually established after Bologna which was established in 1089 AD (approx CE). 

We lag behind all else despite the fact that even the first ever recorded civilizations started in Africa along the Nile River then moved into Mesopotamia, China, Greco-Roman and then the much talked about western civilizations. I guess we don’t seem to take pride in our work and we let others write history for us. The advent of new universities in Zambia needs to be encouraged. For instance our main focus for this week is Northrise University and the above video clip is a testament to Zambian ingenuity and entrepreneurship which must be encouraged by every Zambia loving citizen. 

There is great demand for higher education in Zambia because every year nearly 20,000 students who graduate from high school are eligible for a university education but only 1,000 are accepted by UNZA and CBU leaving 19 in 20 without a college education unless they seek it abroad. 

Compounded with the fact that 50% of the Zambian population is under the age of 15 years old, there is not only a need for future trained and skilled individuals needed to fill the 21st century job market but also a crisis mode dilemma on what to do with such untapped potential for future economic development. 

Northrise University offers degree programs in Information Systems, Business Administration, Agricultural Science and Theology. These courses are offered for both evening and day schedules as can been seen for the fall 2007.

The university was established in 2004 and during its three of operations it has seen a need to reduce operational costs, encourage a Christian Centered learning environment as well as provide the much needed bridge between business as usual with an ethical structure second to none on the Zambian Enterprise scene.

Northrise Campus

 In fact some of the world’s best universities were built on that platform. Cambridge in the UK was initially built around strong Judeo-Christian ethics, so was Harvard, Sanford, Texas Christian University – TCU, Yale and Princeton and we see Northrise University following the same steps as an Ivy League college in the few years to come.   

The challenge remains for all of us, either to embrace the new university and encourage it to grow and blossom into one of the best in the world or to denigrate it and let others write history on our behalf. 

Not so with us here at the Zambian Chronicle, we will encourage and publicize it as much as we can, we will ring bells about it and we encourage others to do the same.

We highly commend both Moffat and Doreen Zimba who are the founders as we wish them God’s speed. 

classy-daddy-3.gifThe Zambian government can take the challenge by also complimenting the efforts of the founders with new educational grants, sponsor a School of Agriculture research program under the auspices of the University of Zambia and the like – the list is endless.

That’s this week’s memo from us at the Zambian Chronicle … thanks a trillion

 

 

Brainwave R Mumba, Sr.

CEO & President – Zambian Chronicle

Copyrights © 2007 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

Copyrights © 2007 Microplus Holdings Int., Inc. 

 

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levy.jpgBy KASUBA MULENGA

PRESIDENT Mwanawasa has dropped Central Province minister, Sydney Chisanga and North-Western Province permanent secretary, Richard Salivaji, for unsatisfactory performance.

Mr Chisanga’s position has been taken over by Mr Adamson Banda while Mr Salivaji has been replaced by Kapiri Mposhi district commissioner, Jestone Mulando.

“In Central Province, I am not satisfied with the minister, Mr Chisanga’s performance and he is the only one I have asked to rest,” Dr Mwanawasa said.

The President announced the developments at a press conference at State House yesterday.

Dr Mwanawasa has also retired Ministry of Defence permanent secretary, Joe Chitafu, removed Agriculture and Cooperatives permanent secretary, Richard Chizyuka and Gender and Women in Development (GIDD) permanent secretary, Ireen Ngilazi.

Dr Isaac Khozozo Phiri of the University of Zambia replaces Mr Chizyuka while Matondo Monde takes over at GIDD.

Dr Mwanawasa has appointed Mufumbwe member of Parliament, Misheck Bonshe, and his Senanga counterpart, Clement Sinyinda, as deputy ministers for Home Affairs and Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources, respectively.

He appointed Sikongo member of Parliament, Mundia Ndalamei, as deputy minister of Works and Supply and moved Mr Benny Tetamashimba to the Ministry of Local Government and Housing where he has joined Mr Eustancio Kazonga.

The President has moved deputy minister of Education, Lucy Changwe, to the Ministry of Science and Technology and has transferred Ministry of Energy and Water Development permanent secretary, Dr Buleti Nsemukila to the same ministry.

Ministry of Energy and Water Development deputy minister, Friday Malwa, has gone to the Office of the Vice-President to replace Gladys Lundwe who has swapped positions with him.

Dr Mwanawasa has moved Northern Province permanent secretary, Joel Ngo, to the Ministry of Local Government and Housing.

He has promoted Lusaka district commissioner, Elijah Chisanga, to the position of permanent secretary for Lusaka Province to take over from
Ms Susan Sikaneta who moves to the Ministry of Home Affairs to replace Peter Mumba who goes to the Ministry of Energy and Water Development.

And Dr Mwanawasa announced that he had instructed MMD national secretary, Katele Kalumba, to include the issue of his successor on the agenda of the next MMD national executive committee meeting.

Dr Mwanawasa said he would want to hear the NEC members’ views about the person who would succeed him.

The President said, however, that he had his own preferences on the matter and was confident that the NEC would not object to his views on the likely successor.

Source: Zambia Daily Mail

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The Zambian Enterprise came out close to near bottom of the Global Competitive Index for the period 2007 – 2008. In this year’s report to be released on October 31, 2007, Zambia is ranked 117 out of the 128 countries evaluated for the period.  

The World Economic Forum, which compiles the report, is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging leaders in partnerships to shape global, regional and industry agendas. 

The Report will include The Global Competitiveness Index featuring the 12 pillars of competitiveness, The Business Competitiveness Index, detailed country profiles and data tables covering more than 100 social and economic indicators.  

The rankings are drawn from a combination of publicly available hard data and the results of the Executive Opinion Survey, a comprehensive annual survey conducted by the World Economic Forum together with its network of Partner Institutes (leading research institutes and business organizations) in the countries covered by the Report. 

This year, over 11,000 business leaders were polled in a record 131 economies worldwide. We wonder whether Zambia sent any of our business and or political leaders to this forum to represent our enterprise and make sure we were adequately represented.

That aside, human inclination tends to dispel such a poor overall performance by stating that Zambia needed to be given a fair stake in the matter considering all the purported strides since made on the economic front. Well, for Africa alone for instance, Zambia does not even appear in the top 10 most competitive countries for crying out aloud.

  Rankings For Africa – 2007

Growth Competitiveness Index

*** Zambia Not Even In Top 10 ***

Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Country
Tunisia
South Africa
Mauritius
Egypt
Morocco
Libya
Algeria
Botswana
Namibia
Kenya
Score
4.72
4.42
4.22
4.09
4.02
4.00
3.98
3.83
3.76
3.61

It is worth mentioning here that our own analyses at the Zambian Chronicle have always been in line with the World Economic Forum’s assessments. We have been in the forefront on advising our Zambian Franchise that we have a great deal of competition around us. 

In Zambia we tend to over-dramatize issues; beating ourselves on the chest if you like. We beat our own drums without taking into account other externalities that really matter. It is this kind of myopic prescience that usually leaves us hanging when actual results are brought to bear. 

You cannot set your own standards as a country and want the world the judge you by those when the entire globe uses a different set of scenarios, such as ISO 9001.

For instance, around the world, productivity is a real measure of competitiveness and competitiveness leads to prosperity. As Jennifer Blanke, Senior Economist at the World Economic Forum explains in the video below, there are institutions, factors and policies that are required to be in place for a nation to be competitive. For the period under review, twelve pillars were used and only nine could relate to the Zambian Enterprise. To make matters worse, those that could relate painted a very sad picture in terms of scores. 

The first four pillars were classified under basic requirements and they included institutions required for normal business practices and we were ranked 56 out of 128 (perhaps one of our best in overall grading). 

The next pillar was infrastructure and we were ranked 90; third pillar was macroeconomics and we came out 122 (imagine that) while the fourth pillar in this category was health and primary education in which we came out as 118 (remember our article about how spending on education was pathetic?). 

In the efficiency enhancer, category three pillars were under consideration and they included the fifth pillar, which was higher education, and training and we came out 120; the sixth pillar of market efficiency earned us 86 and the seventh pillar of technological readiness we came out at 96. The last category we participated in was innovation enhancers, in which we actually came out to be at the bottom of the barrel. The eighth pillar was business sophistication and we had 128 out of 128 meaning we were the worst in the world. The ninth pillar is actually innovation; we came out 121 out of 128. 

It is no wonder we are always asking others to come and develop Zambia on our behalf.  The fact of the matter is, Zambia shall be developed by the Zambians for the Zambian but our current crop of politicians seems to denigrate Zambian ingenuity always looking outside for others to come and take the lead. 

classy-daddy-3.gifThe thumper mentality needs to end, the business of beating our own drums needs to end, the beating of ourselves on the chest needs to end and our state of mind needs to change if we have to play in the big league.

Let us for a change focus on what our institutions, our factors of production and our policies are before we can look elsewhere. 

Let us for a change use our debt-repayment savings and invest those into our children by providing quality education at all levels, providing exemplary health care for all our citizenry, and investing in our technological areas that encourage local innovation; that’s this week’s memo from us at the Zambian Chronicle … thanks a trillion. 

Brainwave R Mumba, Sr.

CEO & President – Zambian Chronicle

Copyrights © 2007 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

Copyrights © 2007 Microplus Holdings Int., Inc.         

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By TENDAI POSIANA and FELIX NKINKE

MINISTER of Commerce, Trade and Industry Felix Mutati has said foreign direct investment in Zambia reached US$1 billion in the first nine months this year.

Mr Mutati said Government was optimistic that investments would rise to US$1.5 billion by the end of the year.

He was speaking during the official opening of a Finance Bank branch in Lusaka, opposite the Arcades shopping complex.

Mr Mutati said about 40,000 new jobs for local people had accompanied this foreign investment.

“This year alone, this country has recorded a huge investment and this has largely been due to what we have seen take place in the mining sector on the Copperbelt and North-Western provinces and in other selected parts of the country,” he said.

Mr Mutati said Government was hopeful that the country’s Gross Domestic Product growth rate would hit 7 per cent this year.

He said with the kind of investment that was flowing into the country, the well-being of most Zambians would eventually improve.

“We want to take the GDP into the pockets of the Zambian people so that they feel empowered,” he said. And Mr Mutati expressed happiness that the financial sector in the country had continued growing as more banking facilities were being opened.

Speaking at the same function, Finance Bank chairman Rajan Mahtani said the bank was poised to record another successful year with customer deposits within the reach of K1 trillion before the end of this year.

Dr Mahtani said total loans and advances had increased from K418 billion to K535 billion while the gross earning as at last month stood in excess of K55 billion.

He said with the compliment of all this development, the bank’s assets base had grown to K1.3 trillion. Mr Mahtani said the bank would soon be launching its 45th branch at the University of Zambia.

Source: Zambia Daily Mail


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You won’t want to log out!See you soon on Airbus.com

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By Brighton Phiri

All those fighting government over the National Constitution Conference (NCC) will be arrested and charged with treason, President Mwanawasa warned yesterday. Addressing scores of MMD cadres and government officials at Lusaka International Airport soon after his arrival from London, President Mwanawasa warned that anyone daring government over the NCC was committing treason and risked being charged with treason.

“NCC is now law. This law is now embodied, for those who did not know, in the NCC Act. I want those who are daring government to know… those who are still doubting that this is not the law and those who want to fight government and make governance impossible, that they are committing treason,” President Mwanawasa warned.

“I have come back a changed person. Let me hear no more nonsense bordering on malice, they are going to be arrested and charged with treason and bail is not available to treason.”

President Mwanawasa wondered why some people were still against the NCC even after the government amended the NCC bill in order to allow the conference to elect its own chairperson. He said he was delighted to see that the constitution review and NCC had been progressing very well. He observed that most of the organisations and individuals who had previously not supported the constitution-making process, had embraced it.

“I wish still to appeal to those that are still doubting to follow suit and accept this NCC,” he said.

President Mwanawasa further wondered why the civil society complained that civil servants and public officers were dominating the NCC and that under such circumstances the government would have the privilege, when it was public knowledge that the MMD had been complaining that the electoral officers had never assisted them during elections. He said even though MMD was the party in government, it did not mean that they controlled the civil servants.

“The opposition themselves know how we have complained, for example, during elections that we have not been supported by electoral officers.

Even in elections, at State House for example, when the counting had been done, it is found that MMD has been losing. If that is the case, what evidence is there that we are manipulating these people? These people are Zambians; there could be soldiers, police officers or teachers. We cannot exclude them because they are very important,” he said.

President Mwanawasa said the MMD government had bent forward and backwards to accommodate everything the civil society had said and complied with their demands.
“But what is the problem? You said that the President has too much power because he appoints the chairperson of NCC.

I gave in and instructed the justice minister to amend it so that the NCC itself will elect its chairman,” he said. “Despite that they changed their goal post saying the President has too much powers because he can dissolve the NCC at any time. Yes that power is there. But I invite them to look at the Act to see whether it is a power which the President in a democratic state should not have.”

President Mwanawasa said the government was not ready to spend on a process which could not produce results.

“If they are abandoning their mandate and begin clutching each other’s neck, fighting and insulting each other at the expense of the state, we are paying them allowances for doing nothing but creating chaos, as a responsible President, I have the power to dissolve them,” President Mwanawasa warned.

“When I have dissolved them, it does not mean it is the end of it because we can start the process all over again and elect other members of the NCC who are prepared to work. Do they want me to appoint Sata to be in charge of this process? Sata is not the President…let him give me time to rule.”

President Mwanawasa explained that as soon as the NCC completed its work and adopted the new Constitution, the justice minister was empowered under the NCC Act to take the bill back to Parliament to revoke and repeal the NCC.

“And it will no longer be law. What is wrong with that?” he asked.
He reminded Zambians that some countries have been on the constitution conference for as much as six years without results being shown.

“I wanted it to be different in this country at this stage. That is the reason why I was elected President of this country. I was given executive functions. And I intend to govern this country and to invoke the executive functions to the full,” President Mwanawasa said.

He expressed happiness at the warm welcome Zambians had given him. President Mwanawasa said the good welcome could only mean that Zambians loved him.
He explained that his trip to the US was extremely successful as he addressed the UN general assembly on climate change and various other issues of national development and held bilateral meetings with the international community.

“I addressed, for example, the tendency by some countries to keep on hiding property which has been stolen from the developing countries. I appealed to those countries to ensure that not only do they repatriate those funds that have been stolen from us but they should also hand to us the fugitives or culprits instead of entertaining them with red carpets in their countries,” he said.

President Mwanawasa disclosed that Portuguese Prime Minister José Sócrates had confirmed to him that Zimbabwe would be invited to the forthcoming European Union (EU) and African Union (AU) summit scheduled for December in Lisbon.

“Zimbabwe should not make us fail to sit down. So he confirmed to me that Zimbabwe would be invited. I was extremely pleased to hear this. If Zimbabwe is invited then I am going to Lisbon, so will my colleagues in the AU, SADC; we are going to attend that dialogue,” he said.

“I still appeal to the Prime Minister of Britain to consider his stance because we consider him to be too important, particularly for us in the SADC, because most of us, Britain was our colonising empire and so he is a relevant partner to discuss matters of the development of Africa with us. I repeat; we will consider it a great and exciting moment if the Prime Minister of Britain attends the summit. If he doesn’t attend it will be indeed unfortunate.”

President Mwanawasa said during his bilateral meetings, he explained Zambia’s position and that of SADC nations on Zimbabwe.

“I mentioned that it is not the answer to isolate Zimbabwe. We should engage Zimbabwe in dialogue. The Commonwealth suspended Zimbabwe, and Zimbabwe decided to quit the Commonwealth. You cannot say the Commonwealth has gained because it is the Commonwealth which has lost.”

On the honourary doctorate in law bestowed on him by Harding University of the US, President Mwanawasa said he was humbled and it was in recognition of the achievements of Zambians.

“I told them that what we have achieved as a country was not achieved alone, but by collective efforts of Zambians. So we should be proud of the fact that the international community is recognising our efforts,” he said.

“I will soon be retiring from public life and there is no need for me to look for employment. I am sufficiently qualified. I passed with merit in law at UNZA. I was admitted as solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and I have been conferred with the honour and dignity of State Counsel.

So professional-wise, what more do I need? Some people are saying they are not recognising this doctorate and I don’t invite them to recognise it. Indeed, I went as Mr Mwanawasa and I have come back as Dr Mwanawasa.”

President Mwanawasa urged youths to use his dedication of the doctorate to them to aspire to become professors.

And speaking on behalf of the youths, David Kaunda National Technical High School pupil Gideon Muzamba said the youth would cherish the honour given to them by working very hard so as to uphold the moral fibre of justice in the country

“To accept the doctorate degree which you have dedicated to us the youths of Zambia, we assure you that we will rise to your level of doctorate and beyond to be called professors,” Muzamba said.
Earlier, MMD cadres sang songs of praise and performed traditional dances.
First Lady Maureen Mwanawasa, local government minister Sylvia Masebo and Gender and Development minister Patricia Mulasikwanda joined in dancing to the traditional drums.

Source: Post Newspaper

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By Shapi Shacinda

LUSAKA, Oct 11 (Reuters) – Zambia’s main opposition on Thursday defied President Levy Mwanawasa’s warning that they would face treason charges if they reject his plans to amend the constitution, heightening political tensions.

“The entire leadership of the Patriotic Front is ready to be arrested. We are ready to go to prison if we have to achieve what the people of Zambia want,” said party leader Michael Sata, who Mwanawasa narrowly defeated in a 2006 presidential election. In 2004, Zambia launched a constitution review commission that toured the country collecting views. It recommended that the constitution should be adopted by an assembly of eminent people before being passed by parliament.

But leaders of political parties, including the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), have agreed instead to present a bill to parliament to amend only selected parts of the constitution, a move rejected by the opposition.

“Now we have proven that he doesn’t mean well, he does not want people to get a good constitution. He is hiding in this national fraud,” Sata told journalists.

Analysts say Mwanwasa’s tough stand raised questions over Zambia’s democratic credentials.

ECONOMIC SUCCESS

“It does not amount to treason to criticise a law in Zambia because people have a right to express their opinion and they also have a right of assembly,” said Jotham Momba, a political science lecturer at the University of Zambia.

“It doesn’t mean those who don’t agree with the process are committing treason. He (Mwanawasa) thinks most people have come on board and he can now use (coercion) to get others in,” Momba said.

Critics accuse his government of failing to give ordinary Zambians a say in drafting a new constitution, a process that had been scheduled to start in August and one that will take a year to complete.

Leonard Hikaumba, head of the powerful Zambia Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU), said Mwanawasa would not attain the objective by “making a good constitution through threats”.

“If he perpetuates this kind of approach, he will not attain the objective of having a generally acceptable constitution,” Hikaumba said.

Mwanawasa, who built his reputation as a lawyer for the former opposition, has made Zambia a rare African economic success story. But his policies have come under scrutiny.

Despite securing a huge debt relief package and major investments from China and India, Mwanawasa has battled a growing public perception that he has done little to benefit most of Zambia’s 11.5 million people.

Source: Reuters

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