AIDS Research

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 By Belliah K Theise

11  April 2008

Rules for Couples:

What is a definition of Marriage?

It is defined as,” the union of a man and woman to live together as husband and wife according to the standard set out in the holy scriptures. Marriage is a divine institution. It provides for intimate relationship between husband and wife along with a feeling of security because there is a climate of love and because a personal commitment has been made by each mate. When establishing marriage God did so not only to provide a close companion who would be a compliment of man but also to make provision for producing more humans and doing so with a family arrangement.”

 What can help to Improve a Marriage? 

If you are a christian the following elements can be very helpful .

  1. Studying God’s Word together and praying to God for help in resolving problems.

  2. Appreciating the principle of headship. This puts a heavy responsibility on the husband. It also calls for earnest effort on the part of the wife. This point is a turn around in the 21st century where women are fighting for equality and men are opting to be wives. One reason why the rate of divorce it so high.

  3. Confining sexual interest to one’s  mate. Loving concern for the needs of the one’s mate can help to safeguard that one against temptation to wrong-doing. The bible confirms this in Proverbs 5:15-21 and Heb 13:4. 

  4.  Speaking in a kindly, considerate manner to each other, avoiding outbursts of anger, nagging, and hash critical remarks. ( Ephesians 4:31-32, Proverbs 15:1)


     Being Industrious and dependable in caring for the family’s dwelling place and clothing, also in preparing wholesome meals. ( Titus 2:4) 


     Humbly applying Bible Counsel whether you feel that the other one is doing everything he should or not. 


     Giving attention to the development of personal qualities 


     Providing needed Love, training, and discipline for the children ( in case where there are children)

      The the counselor’s point of view on marriage and relationships?

The best stories have conflict and so do the best marriages, According to  Bonnie Eaker Weil, PHD who is a relationship therapist in New York City, and she has an amazingly high success rate with clients, Ninety-eight percent of couples she counsels end up staying together. Bonne notes that adultery is the most common in relationships in which the partners are”too polite” to fight. Without conflict, there is no passion, but people need to know to fight right. Bonnie has an unusual approach to handling disputes. We will get back to her approach later.

Bonnie’s tested guide:

 (i) Make an appointment to talk with your spouse about a given issue. Early evening is the best. Don’t make it for just before bed time, during a meal, while drinking alcoholic beverages or while out on a date.

(i) One person should talk and other just listen during your appointment. The listener must suppress his/her own responses and wear an emotional bulletproof vest so that he takes in the information without taking things personally. ( he will get a turn to talk later on, so be patient)

(iii) Talk for no more than 10 minutes. Honor the other person’s feelings, motivations and accomplishments while expressing your needs in emphatic, loving language.

Example: If the issue is that your husband seems to work too much, tell him that you respect what he is doing and his role as a provider and that you love him for it.

(iv) Avoid Words that wound. Criticism, sarcasm and contempt are out of-bounds.

(Vi) Suggest Several options for solving the problem- say, a regular Saturday night date or a time when both of you can be together, away from cell phones and other interruptions.

(Vii) Have  the Listening spouse repeat what he has heard. Bonnie says that the spouse should mirror not only the request for change but also any praise. You really should wait the 24 hours- the listening spouse then validates your feelings ” understand how you feel” and either chooses a course of action or asks for his own turn to speak.

(Viii) Link the end of the quarrel to a positive – reconnect physically with a long hug or kiss, cuddling, etc. The action serves as a bridge to reconciliation and stimulates the same brain chemicals as failing in love. Bonnie’s routine is to dance around the house with her husband, which helps them focus on a shared fun instead of the disagreement.

Important:  Give up the idea of winning. If one person wins and the other loses, both of you lose.

Ref: Rabbi Zeilig Pliskin in a book – Harmony with others 

 Keep this Notes you may need them one day.

Thanks a trillion .

Belliah K Theise


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Posted by Belliah K Theise

I read this in one of the latest magazines, and thought of sharing it to women like me who regularly use lipstick like myself.

According to the investigative report , “New evidence confirms that even low levels of lead pose serious risks to women’s health. Lead is a neurotoxin that accumulated in the body, so exposure to small amounts can create overload that results in fatigue, nervousness and depression,” reports Carolyn Dean, M.D, ND.

According to the report, “a recent investigation by the campaign for safe Cosmetics (CSC) revealed that among 33 lipsticks tested, one third exceeds the FDA’s limit for lead in candy.” The report continued to state that, this fact has some expert urging caution because the average woman inadvertently swallows 4 to 6 pounds of lipstick in life time.

What you should do:

Sidestep overload risk with extra calcium that can sop up lead. In one study, women who supplemented with the Calcium for six months lowered their blood levels of the lead by 16 percent. Garlic and Cilantro have shown to halt the cycle in studies that were conducted by Jordan University of science & Technology.

From my home library to yours.

Belliah K Theise




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By William Smith and Wendy Turnbull, RH Reality Check. Posted April 1, 2008.

Earlier this month, Population Action International (PAI) and the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) teamed up to conduct a joint policy research trip to Zambia. Zambia is one of the 15 focus countries prioritized to receive global U.S. HIV/AIDS assistance. Zambia was also one of the first countries where PAI documented, in 2003, the destructive impact of the Global Gag Rule (also known as the Mexico City policy) on family planning and reproductive health care services.

Other criteria, however, also made Zambia an ideal country through which to answer many questions about the effects of U.S. policy and funding. Long before PEPFAR’s arrival, a conservative religious environment defined Zambian society, within which the promotion of abstinence and marriage were already strong currents in everyday life.

First, what would the effect be after four years of the U.S. putting nearly $577 million into the country under policies that disproportionately emphasize these strategies over a more comprehensive HIV- prevention approach that included condom education and distribution?

Second, how are PEPFAR policies interpreted and implemented in this environment? And have they exacerbated the dire sexual and reproductive health and rights situation in Zambia, where rural family planning and reproductive health outreach collapsed after the country’s leading SRHR provider refused the terms of the Global Gag Rule?

Third, has U.S. assistance harmonized with other donors and what has the Zambian government’s role been in the midst of this? And finally, and perhaps most importantly, what are the needs of the health care workers on the ground and the Zambian people themselves in attempting to stem the generalized HIV epidemic in the country?

Having returned from the research trip to Zambia, PAI and SIECUS will be answering these key questions over the next several weeks and reporting on our findings and educating Members of Congress and their staff about how U.S. policy and assistance really plays out in the field. We’ll also be collaborating with and supporting Zambian NGO colleagues to increase SRHR advocacy with their own policymakers.

Immediately, however, we wanted to share some disturbing observations from our research interviews that both advocates and lawmakers should consider long and hard during Congressional recess and in preparation for floor consideration of PEPFAR reauthorization in a few weeks.

1) By all appearances, reproductive health seems to have vanished from Zambia both conceptually and as a health service. At the policy level, there is no official framework for SRHR. At the program level, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services are thin and fall far short of demand. Rates of maternal death, unplanned pregnancy and unsafe abortion — especially among young women — are persistently high. Contraceptive stockouts have become more frequent and community-based SRH outreach throughout rural Zambia is non-existent, thanks to the Global Gag Rule. While the U.S. is one of a handful of donors providing FP/RH assistance and donated contraceptives to Zambia (about $6 million in FY07, compared with $216 million in PEPFAR funding), this small amount of U.S. assistance is hamstrung by Global Gag Rule restrictions and consequently is narrowly focused on providing technical assistance to the public sector.

2) While we observed and documented some impressive prevention programming funded with PEPFAR, it is as far from a comprehensive approach as one can imagine. Higher risk groups, such as sex workers, seem mostly neglected by PEPFAR and rarely talked about in a country with major trucking routes and new copper mines drawing migrant workers from the region. Condoms, as well, are not as actively promoted or distributed as they were pre-PEPFAR in Zambia — where prevalence is around 17 percent and rises to 30 percent or more in some parts of the country. And based on our conversations with Zambian and U.S. NGO staff, there is a lot of confusion about what you can and can’t say about condoms under PEPFAR. The notion that other donors — miniscule in comparison to PEPFAR — will step in to meet needs specifically jettisoned by PEPFAR in practice has not been borne out in Zambia.

3) Sexuality education is the missing foundation for effective prevention of the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS. In one classroom, we observed a group of students being told that certain body fluids can transmit HIV. The students looked utterly bewildered and the skilled educators realized that it was because these students had a deficit in the basics of how their bodies work. The educators stepped in to describe what these body fluids were, but no patchwork quilt of HIV/AIDS prevention is going to maintain a long-term curbing of the epidemic if the education system does not play its part and begin providing comprehensive sexuality education as a foundation for other efforts.4) PEPFAR in Zambia operates largely in isolation. This has been observed in other PEPFAR focus countries and is endemic to the U.S. approach to foreign policy in other settings. This has profound implications for harmonizing with the Zambian government and its priorities for tackling the epidemic, as well as for coordinating with other donors to minimize duplication and maximize comparative advantages. For example, while it is true that the Zambian government works with the PEPFAR team there to develop an annual “country operational plan,” it is a bit akin to a borrower setting the entirety of the terms for a bank loan — it just doesn’t work that way. Zambian providers and advocates repeatedly told us that U.S. political priorities drive PEPFAR planning and programming, not the reality of HIV/AIDS on the ground.

5) Again, as seen in other focus countries, PEPFAR has created a discernible break between local NGOs and international and U.S.-based groups working in the country. The experience of many Zambian NGOs is that PEPFAR has not benefited from the development and capacity building of indigenous groups doing this work, but rather has led to the growth of U.S.-based NGOs, especially faith-based groups, who are the major recipients of PEPFAR’s largesse. That said, international and U.S. NGOs are clearly doing impressive work in the areas of treatment and care under PEPFAR, but at present the relatively tiny investment in home-grown, Zambian NGO efforts on the prevention side speaks to concerns about the sustainability of current activities and the development of Zambian professionals to lead this work in the future.

Reauthorization of PEPFAR’s prevention components needs to move beyond the persistence of the destructive political and ideological shenanigans of the bill’s first iteration. To this end, our field research in Zambia highlights key areas that must be addressed if PEPFAR’s promise is to be truly realized, and new infections averted.


See more stories tagged with: pepfar, international policy, hiv/aids, reproductive justice

William Smith is Vice President for Public Policy at the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS).Wendy Turnbull is the Senior Policy Research Analyst at Population Action International (PAI).


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In every country there is rich and poor. For those who never experienced poverty in their up bringing, poverty is a tale. We hope politicians that are out to make change in the society should remember the legacy  to bring change. Zambian chronicle is here for change. Some clips below are here to show how important every child is. No matter, which environment or place they are being raised in. Poverty will never stop them, they dance, they play drums with their inborn skills and talent. 

Most of us at Zambian chronicle grew up with no resources, limited education system, walked to school, no lunch packs. That did not stop us, we made it, and grew up with hearts to reach out to other people with our limited resources. our legacy is to help kids( boys and girls) and women, By bringing out the positive side of this world. 

We expect Zambian presidential candidates to focus on  important issues like education, to help the future generation to be better leaders and reach their dreams.


Zambian Chronicle’s legacy:- Next Zambian President should bring hope to the future generation. Please all Zambian leaders should address the problems below:


Tribal Zambian Party

Zambian kids dancing

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(CNN) — U.S. health officials said Wednesday they have found a contaminant in a blood-thinning drug produced by Baxter Healthcare Corp. that has been linked to more than a dozen deaths in the United States.

The drug can keep potentially life-threatening blood clots from forming in the veins, arteries, and lungs.

In early February, the Food and Drug Administration launched an investigation and then a recall of some forms of the product.

The scrutiny began after a spike in reports of health problems associated with heparin, a drug made by Baxter from pig intestines at plants in China and Wisconsin.

Though the cause of the problems has not been determined, FDA investigators found “a heparin-like compound — that is not heparin — present in some of the active pharmaceutical ingredients” in both facilities, said Dr. Janet Woodcock, acting director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.

The contaminant, which made up 5 percent to 20 percent of each sample tested, “reacts like heparin in some of the conventional tests used for heparin,” which explains why it was not picked up, she told reporters in a conference call.

No causal link between the contaminant and the adverse events has been established yet, Woodcock said.

She added that it was not clear whether the contaminant was added accidentally, as part of the processing or deliberately.

It also was not clear whether the contaminant was introduced in the company’s plant in Wisconsin or the one in China, Woodcock said.

Though she said the exact structure of the contaminant has not been identified, “it is similar to heparin glycans.” Glycans are polysaccharides, a complex class of carbohydrate.

She added it was unclear whether other heparin products used outside the United States might also contain the product.

Later this week, the agency will release recommendations on how manufacturers and regulators can screen for the contaminant, she said.

Last year, pet food made in China was found to be tainted with an ingredient that replaced more expensive protein and that initial tests did not identify as a contaminant. Asked if the heparin contamination could be a similar case, Woodcock said, “It’s possible.”

Doctors have used the blood-thinner for 60 years with “no history of any problems whatsoever,” said the FDA commissioner, Dr. Andrew C. von Eschenbach.

Its intravenous use can keep potentially life-threatening blood clots from forming in the veins, arteries and lungs.

Von Eschenbach said it would be “disingenuous” to expect the agency would be able to inspect “every institution in every case.”

Over the last fiscal year, the agency reported having inspected more than 1,000 foreign plants, a record.

Since the agency issued its report that 19 deaths had been linked to the drug since January 1, 2007, it has received word of another 27 deaths, “but many of those do not fit our definition of this type of event,” Woodcock said.

In all, the FDA has received 785 heparin-linked reports of adverse events — including difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating and plummeting blood pressure that can lead to life-threatening shock.

“They’re continuing to come in fairly rapidly because there has been a lot of reporting of this,” she said.

In a written statement, Baxter said its tests have suggested “that the root cause may be associated with the crude heparin, sourced from China, or from the subsequent processing of that product before it reaches Baxter.”

Meanwhile, Scientific Protein Laboratories LLC, which supplies the company with the active pharmaceutical ingredients, issued a statement saying it is working with the FDA, Baxter and outside experts to identify the cause of the adverse events.

“Thus far, no conclusions have been reached about the root cause,” it said.

“It is premature to conclude that the heparin active pharmaceutical ingredient sourced from China and provided by SPL to Baxter is responsible for these adverse events.”

It said that its voluntary recall of suspect product was being made as a precaution. 


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By Belliah K Theise

March 02 2008

In Africa Zambia Aloe Vera plant is used for burns, and in some cases has proved to speed up the healing of minor burns. The liquid from aloe Vera leaf is applied on burns.


Here is what Dr Daniel Lozano M.D of Lehigh Valley Hospital Network Says:

“The Most Important thing is to stop the burning process by running cool water over the Injury” Says Burn surgeon Daniel Lozano M.D of Lehigh Valley and Health Network” 

Clean and dry the area, then cover it.  

 Depending on the size, depth and location of the burn, you may need a professional care. Get to a hospital with a specialized burn center if it covers an entire body. For those in areas that have hospitals.

The degree is another factor. First and smaller second-degree burns can be treated at home. “Use an over- the counter antibiotic cream like Neosporin to keep the burn moist,” Lozano says. 

First Aid Guide lines for burns

1. If you witness someone on fire, get him to “stop, drop and roll” Once frames are out, cool the burns with water, and then remove burned clothes. “You’ll also want to remove jewelry or boots before swelling occurs,” Dr Lozano says.

2. if it is chemical burn, flush the site with cool water for 20-30 minutes.

3. If you suspect an electrical burn, see if a victim is still in contact with the electrical source. If so, use a stick, card-board or item made of plastic to move the live wire away from the victim and call for help. If you cant tell call for help do not touch the victim as you do not want to get shocked too.

4. the larger or deeper the burn, the more likely the victim may go into shock. Lay him down with his head slightly lower than his shoulders and elevate his legs.

5. Stay away from home remedies. “Using butter, oil, toothpaste or an aloe plant can lead to infection” Lozano saysAlso do not use ice on large burns. It lowers the body temperature and can cause shock or damage the skin.

Thanks a trillionb6_edited.jpeg

Belliah K Theise

 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

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By Belliah K Theise

March 01 2008

“Not everyone should eat the same thing or do the same excercise. What food we absorb well and how our bodies handle stress differ with each blood type.” Says Dr Peter D’Adamo.

According to Dr Peter, He explains which foods,spices,teas and condiments help someone of your blood type maintain optimal health and idea weight. In additions,one need to know which vitamins and suppliments to take or to avoid.

What is your blood type?

Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

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IMF Report A little too late, Zambian Chronicle Already Warned GRZ
click here: Zambia’s Short To Medium Term Outlook – Extremely Encouraging …
By Shapi Shacinda
LUSAKA (Reuters) – Zambia has made strides in growing its economy but needs to handle commodity price windfalls prudently and develop infrastructure to avert a possible recession, the International Monetary Fund said on Monday.

IMF board members were in Zambia to assess economic progress made since the fund, the World Bank and other western financiers reduced the southern African country’s foreign debt to $502 million in 2006 from $7.1 billion.

“We acknowledge that despite the impressive economic performance and positive medium term outlook, challenges and risks remain,” the IMF directors said in a statement after a meeting with President Levy Mwanawasa.

Zambia’s economy has grown by an average 5 percent in the past six years and it has brought inflation to single digits for the first time in three decades.

The Fund said Zambia needed to manage windfall from higher commodity prices wisely to maintain steady economic growth. Copper mining is the cornerstone of the Zambian economy.

Video Clip Add By Us – Underground Mining in Chingola

“We would note two important challenges … the first being how to manage the macro impact of large foreign exchange inflow,” said Miranda Xafa, an IMF director.

“You certainly do not want to get into a boom (and) bust cycle that others have found themselves in, in that while the boom and bust lasts, they try to spend it all at once and while commodity prices fall, they slow down in possible recession.”

Treasury data showed Zambia received nearly $1.5 billion in foreign direct investments while earnings in copper exports were around $4.7 billion in 2007.

“The second challenge is building the infrastructure and removing impediments to private sector development . . . to improve the business climate by facilitating investments and growth,” Xafa said.

The IMF also discussed a new financing package of a “small” undisclosed amount with Zambia after the expiry of the $320 million three-year poverty reduction growth facility.

The IMF warned Zambia about managing its debt.

“We are aware that the government is now seeking a sovereign credit rating that will facilitate access to international capital markets and we are confident that the government will use these funds wisely,” Xafa said.

“We would caution that after this debt forgiveness, it is important to maintain debt sustainability by using non-concessionary borrowing to finance viable projects (that) have a rate of return high enough to justify the borrowing.”

Mwanawasa told the board members that Zambia would continue with prudent macroeconomic management and economic reforms to attract further foreign direct investments.

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Headlines (Scroll down for complete stories):
1. Five Ways to Love Your Heart
2. Religion May Cut Anxiety
3. Self-Initiated Medical Tests: Good or Bad?
4. Good Bacteria in Women Help Slow HIV Transmission
5. Heredity a Factor in Dying From Flu

1. Five Ways to Love Your Heart

Lori Daniels, M.D., cardiologist at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center offers cardiac patients five easy ways to love their hearts throughout the year.

1) Sunday Night, Count Them Out

Instead of managing multiple pill bottles, manage one pill box. Almost every pharmacy sells pill boxes marked with the days of the week. Variations are offered with multiple compartments if you are taking more than one prescription. Every Sunday night, at a designated time, fill up one weeks worth of pills. Reduce the time you spend counting your prescriptions to four times a month instead of thirty.

2) One Crème Brulee = Five Miles

Research shows a direct link between obesity and increased cardiovascular disease. One way to keep your weight down is to reduce the number of calories you intake and increase the number of calories you burn. So before diving into a crème brulee or double chocolate sundae, find out how many calories the dessert contains. Then determine how many miles you would need to walk to burn the calories off. On average, 100 calories are burned walking one mile. Is one dessert worth a three mile trek? You decide.

3) Do Not Hesitate to Laminate

Keep an up-to-date list of medications and physician contact info in your bag and car glove compartment. In a time of emergency, this will serve as a quick and easy reference for family and medical personnel. Be sure to share this list with friends and family before traveling in case you need to fill a prescription or get medical attention while overseas.

4) One Aspirin, Crushed

Keep a supply of aspirin handy. If you have heart disease you should be taking some form of aspirin every day at any time you choose. If you or a companion believes you are suffering the onset of a heart attack, take either one adult or two baby aspirin. Instead of swallowing the pill whole, crush it first so that the aspirin is more rapidly absorbed into your body.

5) Avoid Salt of All Colors

You may be able to significantly lower your blood pressure by reducing the sodium in your diet. Be aware that white table salt is just one form of sodium in your kitchen. Other culinary culprits with high sodium content come in black (soy and teriyaki sauce), yellow (mustard), pink (lunch meats) and brown (canned soups and gravies.) Check the sodium content before ingesting a processed product; if you dramatically reduce your intake of sodium, you might, under your doctor’s care, be able to eliminate some blood pressure medications.

Editor’s Note:

2. Religion May Cut Anxiety

For many, religious activity changes between childhood and adulthood, and a new study finds this could affect one’s mental health. ?

According to Temple University’s Joanna Maselko, Sc.D., women who had stopped being religiously active were more than three times more likely to have suffered generalized anxiety and alcohol abuse/dependence than women who reported always having been active.

“One’s lifetime pattern of religious service attendance can be related to psychiatric illness,” said Maselko, an assistant professor of public health and co-author of the study, which appears in the January issue of Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

Conversely, men who stopped being religiously active were less likely to suffer major depression when compared to men who had always been religiously active.

Maselko offers one possible explanation for the gender differences in the relationship between religious activity and mental health.

“Women are simply more integrated into the social networks of their religious communities. When they stop attending religious services, they lose access to that network and all its potential benefits. Men may not be as integrated into the religious community in the first place and so may not suffer the negative consequences of leaving,” Maselko said.

The study expands on previous research in the field by analyzing the relationship between mental health — anxiety, depression and alcohol dependence or abuse — and spirituality using current and past levels, said Maselko, who conducted the research when she was at Harvard University.

In the study sample, comprising 718 adults, a majority of men and women changed their level of religious activity between childhood and adulthood, which was critical information for the researchers.

“A person’s current level of spirituality is only part of the story. We can only get a better understanding of the relationship between health and spirituality by knowing a person’s lifetime religious history,” Maselko said.

Out of the 278 women in the group, 39 percent (N=109) had always been religiously active and 51 percent (N=141) had not been active since childhood. About 7 percent of the women who have always been religiously active met the criteria for generalized anxiety disorder compared to 21 percent of women who had stopped being religiously active.

“Everyone has some spirituality, whether it is an active part of their life or not; whether they are agnostic or atheist or just ‘non-practicing.’ These choices potentially have health implications, similar to the way that one’s social networks do,” Maselko said.

Editor’s Note:

3. Self-Initiated Medical Tests: Good or Bad?

Is it a good or bad thing when people decide or their own — and without consulting a physician — to have medical tests such as CT scans and X-rays performed? Such tests are supposed to offer “peace of mind” to people, and to assure them they are in good health. The tests are touted in newspaper and radio ads with pitches such as, “Why wait for symptoms to occur?’ They’re billed as a “high-tech medical check-up” and usually cost about $1,000 for a whole body scan, with the person being scanned paying for it out of pocket since most insurance companies don’t cover such tests.

In the United States, self-initiated tests have yet to be performed on a large enough scale to bring the question to public attention, but more and more companies are advertising and offering such screening services. In the United Kingdom, which has a national health service, the question has already being asked and the government is preparing to issue a cautionary report saying screening healthy people does not deliver better public health.

A leading British specialist in preventive medicine, Professor Nicholas Wald, says that scans and blood tests performed by private health companies are useless at best and dangerous at worst. Wald says that such tests often find benign abnormalities while missing genuine problems, and that radiation from scanners may actually increase cancer risk. He further believes such tests “always cause anxiety” while charging people for tests of questionable value, such as heart scans and “virtual” colonoscopies.

Radiologist John Giles, the clinical director of a UK company that provides private scans and tests, disagrees with Wald, saying, “This is targeted screening which gives very clear results and is unlikely to cause unnecessary worry. You can’t have a one-size-fits-all policy: some people don’t want to know, some people do. Screening is a personal decision and people are fed up with this paternalistic approach which tells them they can’t make choices for themselves.”

Editor’s Note:

4. “Good” Bacteria in Women Help Slow HIV Transmission

Beneficial bacteria found in healthy women help to reduce the amount of vaginal HIV among HIV-infected women and might make it more difficult for the virus to spread, boosting the possibility that “good bacteria” might someday be tapped in the fight against HIV.

The findings come from physicians and scientists at the University of Washington and the University of Rochester Medical Center, who worked together in an effort to learn more about how HIV survives and spreads from person to person. The study involving 57 women was done in Seattle and Rochester through the Women’s HIV Interdisciplinary Network (WHIN), which is based at the University of Washington.

The team studied the vaginal environment, examining the mix of bacteria that reside there and taking into account several other factors. Physicians tracked the level of HIV virus in the vagina as well as infection by common sexually transmitted diseases like trichomoniasis, gonorrhea and chlamydia, and other more common types of vaginal infections.

Physicians also monitored the levels of beneficial bacteria known as Lactobacillus in the vagina, as well as hydrogen peroxide, which is produced by the bacteria and hinders the virus. They also measured the level of HIV in the women’s blood and the rate of progression of the disease overall.

The team found that women with hydrogen-peroxide-producing Lactobacillus in the vagina had lower levels of HIV virus in genital secretions – what physicians call the genital viral load. Physicians know that the lower the level of HIV in the sexual tract, the less likely that the virus will be spread from person to person through sexual contact.

Scientists have previously recognized from laboratory studies that Lactobacillus might give women some natural protection against HIV. The bacteria, commonly found in most women, bind to the virus and secrete hydrogen peroxide. The bacteria are a close cousin of the Lactobacillus bacteria found in the small intestine, a type of “good” bacteria widely found in yogurt.

While previous work in the laboratory has indicated that Lactobacillus might help prevent HIV infection in women, the current study actually links, in women, decreased levels of the virus in the vagina with the presence of Lactobacillus that produce hydrogen peroxide there.

The team also found that the amount of the virus in the vagina varied in step with the presence of Lactobacillus: Women who did not have the bacteria at first but who had acquired it by a subsequent visit had their vaginal HIV levels drop, while vaginal HIV levels increased in women in whom the good bacteria had disappeared between visits.

The research was presented this week at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Boston by Jane Hitti, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. Hitti has been working closely with Robert Coombs, M.D., Ph.D., the principal investigator for the WHIN study and professor of Laboratory Medicine and of Medicine at the University of Washington. Amneris Luque, M.D., associate professor of Medicine and medical director of the AIDS Center at Strong Memorial Hospital, and Susan Cohn, M.D., associate professor of Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, also took part in the study.

“These findings underscore the importance of maintaining a healthy, Lactobacillus-dominant vaginal flora for HIV-positive women,” said Hitti. “I hope that we can explore Lactobacillus replacement in the future for women who do not have this bacteria, as a strategy to decrease the amount of HIV in the vagina.”

“The research opens up some doors,” said Luque. “Sexual activity is the most common mode of transmission of HIV. Perhaps we can make it less likely to spread by somehow taking advantage of good bacteria as a natural way to stop HIV and prevent transmission. These findings are striking, though preliminary, and should be looked at further.”

Luque and Cohn both care for patients at Strong’s AIDS clinic, which provides ongoing care for approximately 900 patients with HIV. The center is part of a broader AIDS treatment and research effort at the University of Rochester Medical Center. The University is the only institution in the nation to be part, since inception, of two major national AIDS research efforts – the search for a vaccine, and the testing of new treatments. More than 3,000 Rochester-area residents have taken part in treatment and vaccine studies at the University’s HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Unit, funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Cohn stresses the importance of HIV-positive women participating in clinical research. “These women made a large contribution to knowledge about HIV and reproductive health by participating in this study. Advances in the care of HIV-positive women really depend on the dedication of study subjects.”

Editor’s Note:

5. Heredity a Factor in Dying from Flu

People may inherit a genetic predisposition to dying from influenza virus infection, according to an analysis of genealogy records linked to death certificates in Utah over a period of 100 years.

“A heritable contribution to the development of severe influenza virus infection (i.e., that which results in death) has not previously been hypothesized or tested,” Dr. Frederick S. Albright of the University of Utah College of Pharmacy and colleagues point out in a report in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Using the comprehensive Utah database, Albright and colleagues estimated the relative risks of death due to influenza for the relatives of 4855 individuals who died of influenza in the past 100 years.

They found that both close and distant relatives of individuals who died of the flu had a significantly increased risk of also dying of flu, “consistent with a combination of shared exposure and genetic effects.”

All “first-degree” relatives (parents, sisters, brothers) of individuals who died of influenza had a 54 percent higher risk of dying from influenza. The risk was 74 percent higher in siblings, 37 percent higher in parents, and 59 percent higher in children.

The risk of death from influenza in second-degree relatives of individuals who died of influenza was 22 percent and in more distant third-degree relatives it was 16 percent higher.

This genetic predisposition seems to be independent of the strain of influenza and the age of the individual.

The findings, the researchers say, support the need to study at-risk individuals and families to identify the genes involved. “Identification of the genes responsible could lead to new developments in treatment and prevention during epidemics,” Dr. Lisa Cannon-Albright, who was involved in the research, told Reuters Health.

Copyright Reuters

Editor’s Note:

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I am so speechless –

The report from Pfizer confirms my concerns. This is why I am crying for help. Zambian women have been abused for a long time.

This is not a one person’s mess, it is the world mess. It is not too late to correct our mistakes. The so called melting pot is no longer a melting pot.

There is just evil in every corner of the world. How about the future of Zambian children and the women?

My advice to Zambian people is: 

The last thing you should think of is violent.

You now know about the drug. Learn to say no thank you. Drug companies always blame consumers. What breaks my heart is sending a drug that has problems to a country that has one of the highest rates of HIV/ AIDS.

Please women need a break. One day you will need just one egg from the woman to create your future. What is amazing is, no one takes money to the grave. Wait until God whacks this world. He will start from the lab that created HIV virus.

Each one of us will be judged. Remember Sodom and Gomorrah, Remember Noah’s Ark, go back to history. We all come from one tree, and that is what makes us equal. Can you imagine the earth without women? 

Think about that, the earth with one color. That would have been so boring. The earth looks beautiful with so many colors, and that is why all colors should live. If you can not stand that … pack your bags and go to another planet. 

Do your home work before you wipe out Zambian women? The hint is Zambia is a country of immigrants on a small scale.

Half members of my immediate family are Zambians, Americans, Italians, British, Scottish, Germans, Zimbabweans, and I think Congolese too. That is how my blood is connected to the entire world.

British went were there was money. Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) had the mines. My grand mother was left behind because she was born from a half black woman. Zambian people took in that child, and the child grew up a Zambian without parents. As usual Zambians are wonderful people that respect life, by then, not now.   

My Plea to Pfizer.

For heaven’s sake Zambia should get good drugs.

This country has helped a lot of neighboring countries that are fighting, refugees camps are set up in Zambia. I also rescued some refuges from Congo; they can tell the experiences of being a refugee. 

At least Zambia needs real help, it time Zambia gets real help. Bring HIV and Food supplements, vitamins drugs to save the nation. I refuse to make my mother country a ladder for other people, and when it comes to Zambians seeking help, we are on the bottom of the list, because of the understanding that Zambians are ignorant and dull, as per remarks of the Zambian Health Minister, who I also question his integrity, of putting down his own people, when he as a qualified Minister could not detect other side effects of the drug. If he was that smart, why depend on South Africa. He did not need South Africa to conduct other tests. I did my own  research in two days, After the same Minister went to the media to address the nation about the drug. If I did not read the minister and the consulate article, I would have not known about it. I went on and did my own research, and find out more side effects, on the same drug. Basically I did the Health Minister’s job. He was supposed to do that, before giving the drug to women. The search engine is easy to use. On that note, I need to know why the Zambian Health Minister can not be fired too. If I did not read his article of withdraw of the drug, I would have not known so much about other side effects. Why should the minister go so aggressively to prosecute the technician who did a wrong test, when himself did not alert women about the Black box warning by FDA and the drug company. At least, my sister and friends were not told, at the time it was given to them. So who is to blame here. Drug companies are ruthless, not only did they betray the American government, the drug company has betrayed me as woman. Up to now my sister has severe complications, due to the drug.

There will be no one left. At least spare the youth for the future. By the way I found the example of a pregnancy test with water very mocking and insulting. Zambia’s education system is poor with only two major state universities.

In a middle of the road that goes from Ndola to Kitwe, there is a tree that has been saved for history. Were slaves were sold. Under that tree came our fore fathers that went to build the world. Just like Zambia was a British colony.

America was a British Colony. The first settlers went to America in 1607. And colonized 13 states. Then back and forth to Africa to capture slaves to build all the wealth…

I just get shocked when I see humans behave the way they do towards other humans.

Thanks a trillion,

With a very big disappointment

Belliah K Theise

Chief Operating Officer and Managing Editor

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