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 By Belliah K Theise

11  April 2008

Rules for Couples:

What is a definition of Marriage?

It is defined as,” the union of a man and woman to live together as husband and wife according to the standard set out in the holy scriptures. Marriage is a divine institution. It provides for intimate relationship between husband and wife along with a feeling of security because there is a climate of love and because a personal commitment has been made by each mate. When establishing marriage God did so not only to provide a close companion who would be a compliment of man but also to make provision for producing more humans and doing so with a family arrangement.”

 What can help to Improve a Marriage? 

If you are a christian the following elements can be very helpful .

  1. Studying God’s Word together and praying to God for help in resolving problems.

  2. Appreciating the principle of headship. This puts a heavy responsibility on the husband. It also calls for earnest effort on the part of the wife. This point is a turn around in the 21st century where women are fighting for equality and men are opting to be wives. One reason why the rate of divorce it so high.

  3. Confining sexual interest to one’s  mate. Loving concern for the needs of the one’s mate can help to safeguard that one against temptation to wrong-doing. The bible confirms this in Proverbs 5:15-21 and Heb 13:4. 

  4.  Speaking in a kindly, considerate manner to each other, avoiding outbursts of anger, nagging, and hash critical remarks. ( Ephesians 4:31-32, Proverbs 15:1)


     Being Industrious and dependable in caring for the family’s dwelling place and clothing, also in preparing wholesome meals. ( Titus 2:4) 


     Humbly applying Bible Counsel whether you feel that the other one is doing everything he should or not. 


     Giving attention to the development of personal qualities 


     Providing needed Love, training, and discipline for the children ( in case where there are children)

      The the counselor’s point of view on marriage and relationships?

The best stories have conflict and so do the best marriages, According to  Bonnie Eaker Weil, PHD who is a relationship therapist in New York City, and she has an amazingly high success rate with clients, Ninety-eight percent of couples she counsels end up staying together. Bonne notes that adultery is the most common in relationships in which the partners are”too polite” to fight. Without conflict, there is no passion, but people need to know to fight right. Bonnie has an unusual approach to handling disputes. We will get back to her approach later.

Bonnie’s tested guide:

 (i) Make an appointment to talk with your spouse about a given issue. Early evening is the best. Don’t make it for just before bed time, during a meal, while drinking alcoholic beverages or while out on a date.

(i) One person should talk and other just listen during your appointment. The listener must suppress his/her own responses and wear an emotional bulletproof vest so that he takes in the information without taking things personally. ( he will get a turn to talk later on, so be patient)

(iii) Talk for no more than 10 minutes. Honor the other person’s feelings, motivations and accomplishments while expressing your needs in emphatic, loving language.

Example: If the issue is that your husband seems to work too much, tell him that you respect what he is doing and his role as a provider and that you love him for it.

(iv) Avoid Words that wound. Criticism, sarcasm and contempt are out of-bounds.

(Vi) Suggest Several options for solving the problem- say, a regular Saturday night date or a time when both of you can be together, away from cell phones and other interruptions.

(Vii) Have  the Listening spouse repeat what he has heard. Bonnie says that the spouse should mirror not only the request for change but also any praise. You really should wait the 24 hours- the listening spouse then validates your feelings ” understand how you feel” and either chooses a course of action or asks for his own turn to speak.

(Viii) Link the end of the quarrel to a positive – reconnect physically with a long hug or kiss, cuddling, etc. The action serves as a bridge to reconciliation and stimulates the same brain chemicals as failing in love. Bonnie’s routine is to dance around the house with her husband, which helps them focus on a shared fun instead of the disagreement.

Important:  Give up the idea of winning. If one person wins and the other loses, both of you lose.

Ref: Rabbi Zeilig Pliskin in a book – Harmony with others 

 Keep this Notes you may need them one day.

Thanks a trillion .

Belliah K Theise


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By William Smith and Wendy Turnbull, RH Reality Check. Posted April 1, 2008.

Earlier this month, Population Action International (PAI) and the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) teamed up to conduct a joint policy research trip to Zambia. Zambia is one of the 15 focus countries prioritized to receive global U.S. HIV/AIDS assistance. Zambia was also one of the first countries where PAI documented, in 2003, the destructive impact of the Global Gag Rule (also known as the Mexico City policy) on family planning and reproductive health care services.

Other criteria, however, also made Zambia an ideal country through which to answer many questions about the effects of U.S. policy and funding. Long before PEPFAR’s arrival, a conservative religious environment defined Zambian society, within which the promotion of abstinence and marriage were already strong currents in everyday life.

First, what would the effect be after four years of the U.S. putting nearly $577 million into the country under policies that disproportionately emphasize these strategies over a more comprehensive HIV- prevention approach that included condom education and distribution?

Second, how are PEPFAR policies interpreted and implemented in this environment? And have they exacerbated the dire sexual and reproductive health and rights situation in Zambia, where rural family planning and reproductive health outreach collapsed after the country’s leading SRHR provider refused the terms of the Global Gag Rule?

Third, has U.S. assistance harmonized with other donors and what has the Zambian government’s role been in the midst of this? And finally, and perhaps most importantly, what are the needs of the health care workers on the ground and the Zambian people themselves in attempting to stem the generalized HIV epidemic in the country?

Having returned from the research trip to Zambia, PAI and SIECUS will be answering these key questions over the next several weeks and reporting on our findings and educating Members of Congress and their staff about how U.S. policy and assistance really plays out in the field. We’ll also be collaborating with and supporting Zambian NGO colleagues to increase SRHR advocacy with their own policymakers.

Immediately, however, we wanted to share some disturbing observations from our research interviews that both advocates and lawmakers should consider long and hard during Congressional recess and in preparation for floor consideration of PEPFAR reauthorization in a few weeks.

1) By all appearances, reproductive health seems to have vanished from Zambia both conceptually and as a health service. At the policy level, there is no official framework for SRHR. At the program level, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services are thin and fall far short of demand. Rates of maternal death, unplanned pregnancy and unsafe abortion — especially among young women — are persistently high. Contraceptive stockouts have become more frequent and community-based SRH outreach throughout rural Zambia is non-existent, thanks to the Global Gag Rule. While the U.S. is one of a handful of donors providing FP/RH assistance and donated contraceptives to Zambia (about $6 million in FY07, compared with $216 million in PEPFAR funding), this small amount of U.S. assistance is hamstrung by Global Gag Rule restrictions and consequently is narrowly focused on providing technical assistance to the public sector.

2) While we observed and documented some impressive prevention programming funded with PEPFAR, it is as far from a comprehensive approach as one can imagine. Higher risk groups, such as sex workers, seem mostly neglected by PEPFAR and rarely talked about in a country with major trucking routes and new copper mines drawing migrant workers from the region. Condoms, as well, are not as actively promoted or distributed as they were pre-PEPFAR in Zambia — where prevalence is around 17 percent and rises to 30 percent or more in some parts of the country. And based on our conversations with Zambian and U.S. NGO staff, there is a lot of confusion about what you can and can’t say about condoms under PEPFAR. The notion that other donors — miniscule in comparison to PEPFAR — will step in to meet needs specifically jettisoned by PEPFAR in practice has not been borne out in Zambia.

3) Sexuality education is the missing foundation for effective prevention of the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS. In one classroom, we observed a group of students being told that certain body fluids can transmit HIV. The students looked utterly bewildered and the skilled educators realized that it was because these students had a deficit in the basics of how their bodies work. The educators stepped in to describe what these body fluids were, but no patchwork quilt of HIV/AIDS prevention is going to maintain a long-term curbing of the epidemic if the education system does not play its part and begin providing comprehensive sexuality education as a foundation for other efforts.4) PEPFAR in Zambia operates largely in isolation. This has been observed in other PEPFAR focus countries and is endemic to the U.S. approach to foreign policy in other settings. This has profound implications for harmonizing with the Zambian government and its priorities for tackling the epidemic, as well as for coordinating with other donors to minimize duplication and maximize comparative advantages. For example, while it is true that the Zambian government works with the PEPFAR team there to develop an annual “country operational plan,” it is a bit akin to a borrower setting the entirety of the terms for a bank loan — it just doesn’t work that way. Zambian providers and advocates repeatedly told us that U.S. political priorities drive PEPFAR planning and programming, not the reality of HIV/AIDS on the ground.

5) Again, as seen in other focus countries, PEPFAR has created a discernible break between local NGOs and international and U.S.-based groups working in the country. The experience of many Zambian NGOs is that PEPFAR has not benefited from the development and capacity building of indigenous groups doing this work, but rather has led to the growth of U.S.-based NGOs, especially faith-based groups, who are the major recipients of PEPFAR’s largesse. That said, international and U.S. NGOs are clearly doing impressive work in the areas of treatment and care under PEPFAR, but at present the relatively tiny investment in home-grown, Zambian NGO efforts on the prevention side speaks to concerns about the sustainability of current activities and the development of Zambian professionals to lead this work in the future.

Reauthorization of PEPFAR’s prevention components needs to move beyond the persistence of the destructive political and ideological shenanigans of the bill’s first iteration. To this end, our field research in Zambia highlights key areas that must be addressed if PEPFAR’s promise is to be truly realized, and new infections averted.


See more stories tagged with: pepfar, international policy, hiv/aids, reproductive justice

William Smith is Vice President for Public Policy at the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS).Wendy Turnbull is the Senior Policy Research Analyst at Population Action International (PAI).


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In every country there is rich and poor. For those who never experienced poverty in their up bringing, poverty is a tale. We hope politicians that are out to make change in the society should remember the legacy  to bring change. Zambian chronicle is here for change. Some clips below are here to show how important every child is. No matter, which environment or place they are being raised in. Poverty will never stop them, they dance, they play drums with their inborn skills and talent. 

Most of us at Zambian chronicle grew up with no resources, limited education system, walked to school, no lunch packs. That did not stop us, we made it, and grew up with hearts to reach out to other people with our limited resources. our legacy is to help kids( boys and girls) and women, By bringing out the positive side of this world. 

We expect Zambian presidential candidates to focus on  important issues like education, to help the future generation to be better leaders and reach their dreams.


Zambian Chronicle’s legacy:- Next Zambian President should bring hope to the future generation. Please all Zambian leaders should address the problems below:


Tribal Zambian Party

Zambian kids dancing

Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

Copyrights © 2008 Microplus Holdings Int., Inc.

UN warns on food price inflation

Pakistani women at subsidised food store 03.03.08

Governments are urged to take action to help ease rising prices

The head of the UN World Food Programme has warned that the rise in basic food costs could continue until 2010.Josette Sheeran blamed soaring energy and grain prices, the effects of climate change and demand for biofuels.

Miss Sheeran has already warned that the WFP is considering plans to ration food aid due to a shortage of funds.

Some food prices rose 40% last year, and the WFP fears the world’s poorest will buy less food, less nutritious food or be forced to rely on aid.

Speaking after briefing the European Parliament, Miss Sheeran said the agency needed an extra $375m (244m euros; £187m) for food projects this year and $125m (81m euros; £93m) to transport it.

This is not a short-term bubble and will definitely continue
Josette Sheeran

She said she saw no quick solution to high food and fuel costs.

“The assessment is that we are facing high food prices at least for the next couple of years,” she said.

Miss Sheeran said global food reserves were at their lowest level in 30 years – with enough to cover the need for emergency deliveries for 53 days, compared with 169 days in 2007.

Biofuel prices

Among the contributing factors to high food prices is biofuel production.

Miss Sheeran says demand for crops to produce biofuels is increasing prices for food stuffs such as palm oil.

Miss Sheeran said governments needed “to look more carefully at the link between the acceleration in biofuels and food supply and give more thought to it”.

The WFP says countries where price rises are expected to have a most direct impact include Zimbabwe, Eritrea, Haiti, Djibouti, the Gambia, Tajikistan, Togo, Chad, Benin, Burma, Cameroon, Niger, Senegal, Yemen and Cuba.

Areas where the WFP is already seeing an impact include:

  • Afghanistan: 2.5 million people in Afghanistan cannot afford the price of wheat, which rose more than 60% in 2007
  • Bangladesh: The price of rice has risen 25% to 30% over the last three months. In 2007, the price rose about 70%.
  • El Salvador: Rural communities are buying 50% less food than they did 18 months ago with the same amount of money. This means their nutritional intake, on an already poor diet, is cut by half.
  • Anger over rising food prices have already led to riots in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Senegal and Morocco.

    The BBC is planning a special day of coverage of this issue on Tuesday 11 March, online, on radio and on TV.

  • var clickExpire = “-1”;

    (CNN) — U.S. health officials said Wednesday they have found a contaminant in a blood-thinning drug produced by Baxter Healthcare Corp. that has been linked to more than a dozen deaths in the United States.

    The drug can keep potentially life-threatening blood clots from forming in the veins, arteries, and lungs.

    In early February, the Food and Drug Administration launched an investigation and then a recall of some forms of the product.

    The scrutiny began after a spike in reports of health problems associated with heparin, a drug made by Baxter from pig intestines at plants in China and Wisconsin.

    Though the cause of the problems has not been determined, FDA investigators found “a heparin-like compound — that is not heparin — present in some of the active pharmaceutical ingredients” in both facilities, said Dr. Janet Woodcock, acting director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.

    The contaminant, which made up 5 percent to 20 percent of each sample tested, “reacts like heparin in some of the conventional tests used for heparin,” which explains why it was not picked up, she told reporters in a conference call.

    No causal link between the contaminant and the adverse events has been established yet, Woodcock said.

    She added that it was not clear whether the contaminant was added accidentally, as part of the processing or deliberately.

    It also was not clear whether the contaminant was introduced in the company’s plant in Wisconsin or the one in China, Woodcock said.

    Though she said the exact structure of the contaminant has not been identified, “it is similar to heparin glycans.” Glycans are polysaccharides, a complex class of carbohydrate.

    She added it was unclear whether other heparin products used outside the United States might also contain the product.

    Later this week, the agency will release recommendations on how manufacturers and regulators can screen for the contaminant, she said.

    Last year, pet food made in China was found to be tainted with an ingredient that replaced more expensive protein and that initial tests did not identify as a contaminant. Asked if the heparin contamination could be a similar case, Woodcock said, “It’s possible.”

    Doctors have used the blood-thinner for 60 years with “no history of any problems whatsoever,” said the FDA commissioner, Dr. Andrew C. von Eschenbach.

    Its intravenous use can keep potentially life-threatening blood clots from forming in the veins, arteries and lungs.

    Von Eschenbach said it would be “disingenuous” to expect the agency would be able to inspect “every institution in every case.”

    Over the last fiscal year, the agency reported having inspected more than 1,000 foreign plants, a record.

    Since the agency issued its report that 19 deaths had been linked to the drug since January 1, 2007, it has received word of another 27 deaths, “but many of those do not fit our definition of this type of event,” Woodcock said.

    In all, the FDA has received 785 heparin-linked reports of adverse events — including difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating and plummeting blood pressure that can lead to life-threatening shock.

    “They’re continuing to come in fairly rapidly because there has been a lot of reporting of this,” she said.

    In a written statement, Baxter said its tests have suggested “that the root cause may be associated with the crude heparin, sourced from China, or from the subsequent processing of that product before it reaches Baxter.”

    Meanwhile, Scientific Protein Laboratories LLC, which supplies the company with the active pharmaceutical ingredients, issued a statement saying it is working with the FDA, Baxter and outside experts to identify the cause of the adverse events.

    “Thus far, no conclusions have been reached about the root cause,” it said.

    “It is premature to conclude that the heparin active pharmaceutical ingredient sourced from China and provided by SPL to Baxter is responsible for these adverse events.”

    It said that its voluntary recall of suspect product was being made as a precaution. 


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    By Belliah K Theise

    March 01 2008

    “Not everyone should eat the same thing or do the same excercise. What food we absorb well and how our bodies handle stress differ with each blood type.” Says Dr Peter D’Adamo.

    According to Dr Peter, He explains which foods,spices,teas and condiments help someone of your blood type maintain optimal health and idea weight. In additions,one need to know which vitamins and suppliments to take or to avoid.

    What is your blood type?

    Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

    Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

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    IMF Report A little too late, Zambian Chronicle Already Warned GRZ
    click here: Zambia’s Short To Medium Term Outlook – Extremely Encouraging …
    By Shapi Shacinda
    LUSAKA (Reuters) – Zambia has made strides in growing its economy but needs to handle commodity price windfalls prudently and develop infrastructure to avert a possible recession, the International Monetary Fund said on Monday.

    IMF board members were in Zambia to assess economic progress made since the fund, the World Bank and other western financiers reduced the southern African country’s foreign debt to $502 million in 2006 from $7.1 billion.

    “We acknowledge that despite the impressive economic performance and positive medium term outlook, challenges and risks remain,” the IMF directors said in a statement after a meeting with President Levy Mwanawasa.

    Zambia’s economy has grown by an average 5 percent in the past six years and it has brought inflation to single digits for the first time in three decades.

    The Fund said Zambia needed to manage windfall from higher commodity prices wisely to maintain steady economic growth. Copper mining is the cornerstone of the Zambian economy.

    Video Clip Add By Us – Underground Mining in Chingola

    “We would note two important challenges … the first being how to manage the macro impact of large foreign exchange inflow,” said Miranda Xafa, an IMF director.

    “You certainly do not want to get into a boom (and) bust cycle that others have found themselves in, in that while the boom and bust lasts, they try to spend it all at once and while commodity prices fall, they slow down in possible recession.”

    Treasury data showed Zambia received nearly $1.5 billion in foreign direct investments while earnings in copper exports were around $4.7 billion in 2007.

    “The second challenge is building the infrastructure and removing impediments to private sector development . . . to improve the business climate by facilitating investments and growth,” Xafa said.

    The IMF also discussed a new financing package of a “small” undisclosed amount with Zambia after the expiry of the $320 million three-year poverty reduction growth facility.

    The IMF warned Zambia about managing its debt.

    “We are aware that the government is now seeking a sovereign credit rating that will facilitate access to international capital markets and we are confident that the government will use these funds wisely,” Xafa said.

    “We would caution that after this debt forgiveness, it is important to maintain debt sustainability by using non-concessionary borrowing to finance viable projects (that) have a rate of return high enough to justify the borrowing.”

    Mwanawasa told the board members that Zambia would continue with prudent macroeconomic management and economic reforms to attract further foreign direct investments.

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    Headlines (Scroll down for complete stories):
    1. Five Ways to Love Your Heart
    2. Religion May Cut Anxiety
    3. Self-Initiated Medical Tests: Good or Bad?
    4. Good Bacteria in Women Help Slow HIV Transmission
    5. Heredity a Factor in Dying From Flu

    1. Five Ways to Love Your Heart

    Lori Daniels, M.D., cardiologist at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center offers cardiac patients five easy ways to love their hearts throughout the year.

    1) Sunday Night, Count Them Out

    Instead of managing multiple pill bottles, manage one pill box. Almost every pharmacy sells pill boxes marked with the days of the week. Variations are offered with multiple compartments if you are taking more than one prescription. Every Sunday night, at a designated time, fill up one weeks worth of pills. Reduce the time you spend counting your prescriptions to four times a month instead of thirty.

    2) One Crème Brulee = Five Miles

    Research shows a direct link between obesity and increased cardiovascular disease. One way to keep your weight down is to reduce the number of calories you intake and increase the number of calories you burn. So before diving into a crème brulee or double chocolate sundae, find out how many calories the dessert contains. Then determine how many miles you would need to walk to burn the calories off. On average, 100 calories are burned walking one mile. Is one dessert worth a three mile trek? You decide.

    3) Do Not Hesitate to Laminate

    Keep an up-to-date list of medications and physician contact info in your bag and car glove compartment. In a time of emergency, this will serve as a quick and easy reference for family and medical personnel. Be sure to share this list with friends and family before traveling in case you need to fill a prescription or get medical attention while overseas.

    4) One Aspirin, Crushed

    Keep a supply of aspirin handy. If you have heart disease you should be taking some form of aspirin every day at any time you choose. If you or a companion believes you are suffering the onset of a heart attack, take either one adult or two baby aspirin. Instead of swallowing the pill whole, crush it first so that the aspirin is more rapidly absorbed into your body.

    5) Avoid Salt of All Colors

    You may be able to significantly lower your blood pressure by reducing the sodium in your diet. Be aware that white table salt is just one form of sodium in your kitchen. Other culinary culprits with high sodium content come in black (soy and teriyaki sauce), yellow (mustard), pink (lunch meats) and brown (canned soups and gravies.) Check the sodium content before ingesting a processed product; if you dramatically reduce your intake of sodium, you might, under your doctor’s care, be able to eliminate some blood pressure medications.

    Editor’s Note:

    2. Religion May Cut Anxiety

    For many, religious activity changes between childhood and adulthood, and a new study finds this could affect one’s mental health. ?

    According to Temple University’s Joanna Maselko, Sc.D., women who had stopped being religiously active were more than three times more likely to have suffered generalized anxiety and alcohol abuse/dependence than women who reported always having been active.

    “One’s lifetime pattern of religious service attendance can be related to psychiatric illness,” said Maselko, an assistant professor of public health and co-author of the study, which appears in the January issue of Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

    Conversely, men who stopped being religiously active were less likely to suffer major depression when compared to men who had always been religiously active.

    Maselko offers one possible explanation for the gender differences in the relationship between religious activity and mental health.

    “Women are simply more integrated into the social networks of their religious communities. When they stop attending religious services, they lose access to that network and all its potential benefits. Men may not be as integrated into the religious community in the first place and so may not suffer the negative consequences of leaving,” Maselko said.

    The study expands on previous research in the field by analyzing the relationship between mental health — anxiety, depression and alcohol dependence or abuse — and spirituality using current and past levels, said Maselko, who conducted the research when she was at Harvard University.

    In the study sample, comprising 718 adults, a majority of men and women changed their level of religious activity between childhood and adulthood, which was critical information for the researchers.

    “A person’s current level of spirituality is only part of the story. We can only get a better understanding of the relationship between health and spirituality by knowing a person’s lifetime religious history,” Maselko said.

    Out of the 278 women in the group, 39 percent (N=109) had always been religiously active and 51 percent (N=141) had not been active since childhood. About 7 percent of the women who have always been religiously active met the criteria for generalized anxiety disorder compared to 21 percent of women who had stopped being religiously active.

    “Everyone has some spirituality, whether it is an active part of their life or not; whether they are agnostic or atheist or just ‘non-practicing.’ These choices potentially have health implications, similar to the way that one’s social networks do,” Maselko said.

    Editor’s Note:

    3. Self-Initiated Medical Tests: Good or Bad?

    Is it a good or bad thing when people decide or their own — and without consulting a physician — to have medical tests such as CT scans and X-rays performed? Such tests are supposed to offer “peace of mind” to people, and to assure them they are in good health. The tests are touted in newspaper and radio ads with pitches such as, “Why wait for symptoms to occur?’ They’re billed as a “high-tech medical check-up” and usually cost about $1,000 for a whole body scan, with the person being scanned paying for it out of pocket since most insurance companies don’t cover such tests.

    In the United States, self-initiated tests have yet to be performed on a large enough scale to bring the question to public attention, but more and more companies are advertising and offering such screening services. In the United Kingdom, which has a national health service, the question has already being asked and the government is preparing to issue a cautionary report saying screening healthy people does not deliver better public health.

    A leading British specialist in preventive medicine, Professor Nicholas Wald, says that scans and blood tests performed by private health companies are useless at best and dangerous at worst. Wald says that such tests often find benign abnormalities while missing genuine problems, and that radiation from scanners may actually increase cancer risk. He further believes such tests “always cause anxiety” while charging people for tests of questionable value, such as heart scans and “virtual” colonoscopies.

    Radiologist John Giles, the clinical director of a UK company that provides private scans and tests, disagrees with Wald, saying, “This is targeted screening which gives very clear results and is unlikely to cause unnecessary worry. You can’t have a one-size-fits-all policy: some people don’t want to know, some people do. Screening is a personal decision and people are fed up with this paternalistic approach which tells them they can’t make choices for themselves.”

    Editor’s Note:

    4. “Good” Bacteria in Women Help Slow HIV Transmission

    Beneficial bacteria found in healthy women help to reduce the amount of vaginal HIV among HIV-infected women and might make it more difficult for the virus to spread, boosting the possibility that “good bacteria” might someday be tapped in the fight against HIV.

    The findings come from physicians and scientists at the University of Washington and the University of Rochester Medical Center, who worked together in an effort to learn more about how HIV survives and spreads from person to person. The study involving 57 women was done in Seattle and Rochester through the Women’s HIV Interdisciplinary Network (WHIN), which is based at the University of Washington.

    The team studied the vaginal environment, examining the mix of bacteria that reside there and taking into account several other factors. Physicians tracked the level of HIV virus in the vagina as well as infection by common sexually transmitted diseases like trichomoniasis, gonorrhea and chlamydia, and other more common types of vaginal infections.

    Physicians also monitored the levels of beneficial bacteria known as Lactobacillus in the vagina, as well as hydrogen peroxide, which is produced by the bacteria and hinders the virus. They also measured the level of HIV in the women’s blood and the rate of progression of the disease overall.

    The team found that women with hydrogen-peroxide-producing Lactobacillus in the vagina had lower levels of HIV virus in genital secretions – what physicians call the genital viral load. Physicians know that the lower the level of HIV in the sexual tract, the less likely that the virus will be spread from person to person through sexual contact.

    Scientists have previously recognized from laboratory studies that Lactobacillus might give women some natural protection against HIV. The bacteria, commonly found in most women, bind to the virus and secrete hydrogen peroxide. The bacteria are a close cousin of the Lactobacillus bacteria found in the small intestine, a type of “good” bacteria widely found in yogurt.

    While previous work in the laboratory has indicated that Lactobacillus might help prevent HIV infection in women, the current study actually links, in women, decreased levels of the virus in the vagina with the presence of Lactobacillus that produce hydrogen peroxide there.

    The team also found that the amount of the virus in the vagina varied in step with the presence of Lactobacillus: Women who did not have the bacteria at first but who had acquired it by a subsequent visit had their vaginal HIV levels drop, while vaginal HIV levels increased in women in whom the good bacteria had disappeared between visits.

    The research was presented this week at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Boston by Jane Hitti, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. Hitti has been working closely with Robert Coombs, M.D., Ph.D., the principal investigator for the WHIN study and professor of Laboratory Medicine and of Medicine at the University of Washington. Amneris Luque, M.D., associate professor of Medicine and medical director of the AIDS Center at Strong Memorial Hospital, and Susan Cohn, M.D., associate professor of Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, also took part in the study.

    “These findings underscore the importance of maintaining a healthy, Lactobacillus-dominant vaginal flora for HIV-positive women,” said Hitti. “I hope that we can explore Lactobacillus replacement in the future for women who do not have this bacteria, as a strategy to decrease the amount of HIV in the vagina.”

    “The research opens up some doors,” said Luque. “Sexual activity is the most common mode of transmission of HIV. Perhaps we can make it less likely to spread by somehow taking advantage of good bacteria as a natural way to stop HIV and prevent transmission. These findings are striking, though preliminary, and should be looked at further.”

    Luque and Cohn both care for patients at Strong’s AIDS clinic, which provides ongoing care for approximately 900 patients with HIV. The center is part of a broader AIDS treatment and research effort at the University of Rochester Medical Center. The University is the only institution in the nation to be part, since inception, of two major national AIDS research efforts – the search for a vaccine, and the testing of new treatments. More than 3,000 Rochester-area residents have taken part in treatment and vaccine studies at the University’s HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Unit, funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

    Cohn stresses the importance of HIV-positive women participating in clinical research. “These women made a large contribution to knowledge about HIV and reproductive health by participating in this study. Advances in the care of HIV-positive women really depend on the dedication of study subjects.”

    Editor’s Note:

    5. Heredity a Factor in Dying from Flu

    People may inherit a genetic predisposition to dying from influenza virus infection, according to an analysis of genealogy records linked to death certificates in Utah over a period of 100 years.

    “A heritable contribution to the development of severe influenza virus infection (i.e., that which results in death) has not previously been hypothesized or tested,” Dr. Frederick S. Albright of the University of Utah College of Pharmacy and colleagues point out in a report in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

    Using the comprehensive Utah database, Albright and colleagues estimated the relative risks of death due to influenza for the relatives of 4855 individuals who died of influenza in the past 100 years.

    They found that both close and distant relatives of individuals who died of the flu had a significantly increased risk of also dying of flu, “consistent with a combination of shared exposure and genetic effects.”

    All “first-degree” relatives (parents, sisters, brothers) of individuals who died of influenza had a 54 percent higher risk of dying from influenza. The risk was 74 percent higher in siblings, 37 percent higher in parents, and 59 percent higher in children.

    The risk of death from influenza in second-degree relatives of individuals who died of influenza was 22 percent and in more distant third-degree relatives it was 16 percent higher.

    This genetic predisposition seems to be independent of the strain of influenza and the age of the individual.

    The findings, the researchers say, support the need to study at-risk individuals and families to identify the genes involved. “Identification of the genes responsible could lead to new developments in treatment and prevention during epidemics,” Dr. Lisa Cannon-Albright, who was involved in the research, told Reuters Health.

    Copyright Reuters

    Editor’s Note:

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    I am so speechless –

    The report from Pfizer confirms my concerns. This is why I am crying for help. Zambian women have been abused for a long time.

    This is not a one person’s mess, it is the world mess. It is not too late to correct our mistakes. The so called melting pot is no longer a melting pot.

    There is just evil in every corner of the world. How about the future of Zambian children and the women?

    My advice to Zambian people is: 

    The last thing you should think of is violent.

    You now know about the drug. Learn to say no thank you. Drug companies always blame consumers. What breaks my heart is sending a drug that has problems to a country that has one of the highest rates of HIV/ AIDS.

    Please women need a break. One day you will need just one egg from the woman to create your future. What is amazing is, no one takes money to the grave. Wait until God whacks this world. He will start from the lab that created HIV virus.

    Each one of us will be judged. Remember Sodom and Gomorrah, Remember Noah’s Ark, go back to history. We all come from one tree, and that is what makes us equal. Can you imagine the earth without women? 

    Think about that, the earth with one color. That would have been so boring. The earth looks beautiful with so many colors, and that is why all colors should live. If you can not stand that … pack your bags and go to another planet. 

    Do your home work before you wipe out Zambian women? The hint is Zambia is a country of immigrants on a small scale.

    Half members of my immediate family are Zambians, Americans, Italians, British, Scottish, Germans, Zimbabweans, and I think Congolese too. That is how my blood is connected to the entire world.

    British went were there was money. Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) had the mines. My grand mother was left behind because she was born from a half black woman. Zambian people took in that child, and the child grew up a Zambian without parents. As usual Zambians are wonderful people that respect life, by then, not now.   

    My Plea to Pfizer.

    For heaven’s sake Zambia should get good drugs.

    This country has helped a lot of neighboring countries that are fighting, refugees camps are set up in Zambia. I also rescued some refuges from Congo; they can tell the experiences of being a refugee. 

    At least Zambia needs real help, it time Zambia gets real help. Bring HIV and Food supplements, vitamins drugs to save the nation. I refuse to make my mother country a ladder for other people, and when it comes to Zambians seeking help, we are on the bottom of the list, because of the understanding that Zambians are ignorant and dull, as per remarks of the Zambian Health Minister, who I also question his integrity, of putting down his own people, when he as a qualified Minister could not detect other side effects of the drug. If he was that smart, why depend on South Africa. He did not need South Africa to conduct other tests. I did my own  research in two days, After the same Minister went to the media to address the nation about the drug. If I did not read the minister and the consulate article, I would have not known about it. I went on and did my own research, and find out more side effects, on the same drug. Basically I did the Health Minister’s job. He was supposed to do that, before giving the drug to women. The search engine is easy to use. On that note, I need to know why the Zambian Health Minister can not be fired too. If I did not read his article of withdraw of the drug, I would have not known so much about other side effects. Why should the minister go so aggressively to prosecute the technician who did a wrong test, when himself did not alert women about the Black box warning by FDA and the drug company. At least, my sister and friends were not told, at the time it was given to them. So who is to blame here. Drug companies are ruthless, not only did they betray the American government, the drug company has betrayed me as woman. Up to now my sister has severe complications, due to the drug.

    There will be no one left. At least spare the youth for the future. By the way I found the example of a pregnancy test with water very mocking and insulting. Zambia’s education system is poor with only two major state universities.

    In a middle of the road that goes from Ndola to Kitwe, there is a tree that has been saved for history. Were slaves were sold. Under that tree came our fore fathers that went to build the world. Just like Zambia was a British colony.

    America was a British Colony. The first settlers went to America in 1607. And colonized 13 states. Then back and forth to Africa to capture slaves to build all the wealth…

    I just get shocked when I see humans behave the way they do towards other humans.

    Thanks a trillion,

    With a very big disappointment

    Belliah K Theise

    Chief Operating Officer and Managing Editor

    Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom

    .Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

    Copyrights © 2008 Microplus Holdings Int., Inc. 

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    b6_edited.jpeg01 February 2008:
    Published by: Belliah K Theise
    COO and Managing editor
    Zambian women demand for further investigation on Depo- provera contraceptive injection drug.
    As a Zambian woman, I am not convinced  that this drug is 100% safe. 
    According to the studies and research, this drug not only speeds the growth of virus and other STDs deseases, it also results in significant loss of bone density, and that the loss is greater the longer the drug is administered. Reported by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on November 17, 2004 Document number T04-50. ( Black Box Warning)
    I am not here to accuse Anyone, on behalf of Zambian women, I seek further investigation on Depo-provera contraceptive injection.
    I am here to make a plea on behalf of every  woman on this earth.We women deserve life. We are not monkeys or rats.
    The demand for further investigation is due to the research that I did on my own, as I am concerned being a mother of two girls and have sisters who have been on this drug since 2006.
    I lost one of my sisters who had a very weired growth on the neck and genitals.  Doctors in Zambia dioganized it as cancer.
    The study that was done on March 2,2003 at McMaster University in Canada stated that  “the findings suggest that women who use Depo-provera might be particulary susceptible to developing genital herpes when exposed to the virus.”
    Kaushic who conducted the study was also not convinced when the drug company spokesperson defended the drug.
    “Kaushic noted that the new findings add to past research suggesting that Depo- provera can increase the risk of other STDs, including chlamydia.
    After this study issued a warning in Newyork, on September 8, 2004 Titled ‘Family Planning’ groups spreading AIDS in Africa with Depo Provera, New study warns” the warning also stated: “From 1994-2000, USAID provided 41,967,200 units of Depo -Provera into developing world.”
    In 2004 The U.S Agency for Development(USAID) identified Repositioning Family planning as a priority for its work in Africa.
    According to the ACQUIRE project report- “Case studies were undertaken in three countries that have been successful in increasing contraceptive use and reducing fertility-Ghana,Malawi,and Zambia- so that lessons learned can be used to guide strategy development and identify key investment.”
    A three- person team conducted interviews and site visits in Zambia from February 14 to February 25,2005,interviewing 31 key informats and holding group discussions with community volunteers.”
    We need further investigations to make sure the drug does not speed up the virus. Since USAID’s intentions was to help Zambia women to reduce their fetility, They can still revisit the drug and demand for another study. In the mean time, Zambian women can use other measures like condoms and different contraceptive pills.
    We need someone to prove that the research that was done in 2003 and 2004 were wrong. We need to know why it was donated to Zambia in 2005, after  the study and FDA had issued a black Box warning against it stating that Dep-provera was not 100% safe.
    I have lost half members of my family. I just need further investigation for the future generation. We women are not looking for compasation. We are  not interested in anybody s money, we need life. That is all I am asking for, on behalf of women, not only in Zambia, but every woman on this earth, since it seems we are the target of experiments.

    For God’s sake Zambia needs medication to reduce the growth of virus, not to speed it up.

    With the history of what happened in Libya when the medical workers, who in May 2004 were sentenced to death on charges of intentionally infecting hundres of Libyan children with H.I.V, were freed and  international incident was averted, in eyes of Africans the medical workers release appears to be the latest episode in a health care nightmare in which white and Western- trained doctors and nurses have harmed Africans- and have gone unpunished” ( article by Harriet A Washington – Why Africa Fears Western Medicine-published: July 31,2007)

    As a Zambian woman, I am not convinced that Depo provera Contraceptive injection is 100% safe for a woman who has a virus in the body. It may not transmit AIDS, but it reduces the immunity system in woman’s body, and speeds up HIV virus.

    Just like Zambian women many American women have complained after using the drug, and no body is listening. What is wrong with you people. I do not want to mention the drug company that makes that drug, for security reasons, FDA report states that the drug company is aware of side effects of loss of bone density.

    Do you think the drug that contributes to the loss of bone density will be good for a country with high rate of women infected with HIV virus. Life expectant in Zambia is 32 – 33 years. Who will be left in zambia in the next 50 years if all women are put on the slow puncture drug?

    I have worked as a consultant and done a lot of research on drugs and by-products. I know what I am talking about.I know every law firm that represents this big companies, and all this bolonies.  This injectable drug do have side effects.

    My sister is six feet under. This is not about potential investiment opportunity, this is life at stake.This is not some sort of a joke  So why can’t leader s come up with a better solution to solve a problem? Please Investigate further, and give us a feed back. We are not here to sue each other, we are here to save lives. AIDS has affected the entire world, any drug that speeds HIV virus process should be removed from the market.

     It is like money has taken over the world. There are still many monkeys and animals that can be used for experiments. Please give a woman a break.

    Please can some one start listening to the horses mouth, instead of a drug company that is looking to maximise its profits?
    It is like the world has put women on death row. For heaven sake, A woman is an asset to the world. Why can’t the world listen to the cry of women. We women deserve life.

    Yes Depo provera does not transmit Aids,

    My Concern is, does it speed up the virus or reduces Immunity system? We woman of Zambia demand further investigations . Please we beg you. This drug may be good for a developed country with millions of hospitals and proper medication, Vitamins, immunity booster, but not for a country like Zambia.

    We need HIV medicine not something that can speed up the virus in the body.


    Belliah K Theise

    Chief Operating Officer and Managing Editor

    Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

    Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

    Copyrights © 2008 Microplus Holdings Int., Inc.

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