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 Dear Mr Mumba,

I am writing to you to ensure that you are one of the first to hear about the latest news from British Airways. Today we have reached agreement with American Airlines and Iberia to form a joint business, which if approved, will enable us to co-operate on flights from the UK and Continental Europe to the US, Canada and Mexico.

We plan to file for worldwide anti-trust immunity from the US Department of Transportation.


The European Commission will also review the deal. If successful, we will be able to form a closer working relationship providing significant benefits for customers. All three airlines will continue to operate under our separate brands.

Closer working will create opportunities to enhance customer benefits. It will enable us to better align schedules giving more access to destinations and improving connections through key airports. Other benefits for customers include greater opportunities to earn and use frequent flyer miles on the other airlines’ transatlantic network along with enhanced frequent flyer tier features. Our Executive Club members will continue to be able to enjoy lounge access with British Airways and its oneworld partners as they do today.

Our overall aim is to continue to deliver an upgraded travel experience to you. Financial efficiencies that the joint business agreement will give British Airways will help us to continue to invest further in our products and services, despite the demanding economic environment that the airline industry faces.

It is both a challenging and exciting time for British Airways and I will ensure that you are updated on developments as the proposed venture nears completion.

Warm regards,

Woody Harford
Senior Vice President, Commercial, Americas

By Zamchro Correspondent

I found this article on-line published by Nairobi Daily News,  Kenya. The article in Bold was written by

Tajudeen is deputy director UN Millennium Campaign, Africa.

A quote by African opinonist  Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem:

There is a carnivalesque celebration across Africa about Senator Barrack Obama becoming the Presidential candidate for the Democrats in next November’s elections in the US.

The excitement is such that one would be forgiven for thinking that Obama was about to be sworn in. The enthusiasm ignores the fact that he is yet to be formally adopted and still has an election to fight against the Republicans. Nowhere is this excitement more infectious than in Kenya, the homeland of Obama’s father.

Quote from Daily news -Nairobi Opinion:

“Kenyans are not alone. I am not sure how many of the millions of Africans now jubilating about Obama’s possible victory, would be that enthusiastic were Obama to be standing for office in their own countries. Can you imagine an Obama as a presidential candidate in Ivory Coast?”

Would he not be reminded that he is not African enough? How could he pass the ‘ivoirite’ test when even a former Prime Minister of the country, born in the country was disqualified? If Obama had stood in a Nigerian election would he have generated the same mass adulation?

This is a continent in which a former President (Kenneth Kaunda), founding father of Zambia and a man who served as President for 25 years, had his citizenship stripped by his successor Chiluba (a small-minded small man) because his parents allegedly came from a neighbouring country (not even another continent) The former President of Tanzania, Benjamin Mkapa, had the citizenship of a number of Tanzanians annulled because they (or he suspected that they) disagreed with him politically.”

Zambians did not strip the first Zambian President Dr K Kaunda’s citizenship. He ruled Zambia for 27 years. It was just time for change, unfortunately, there was only Chiluba who came forward to challenge his long leadership. Though Mr Chiluba was just another hypocrite. What ever treament he gave Dr K Kaunda, has come back to bite his own butt.

As part of his campaign of prolonging his gerontocracy, President Mugabe stripped many Zimbabweans of their citizenship. The journalist Trevor Ncube was declared a Malawian, but his siblings who were not considered sympathisers of the opposition, remained Zimbabweans.

Ethiopia and Eritrea shamelessly engaged in tit for tat denationalisation of innocent citizens because of the senseless war between the two leaders. There are so many examples of routine denial of citizenship across Africa.”

The ease with which political opponents are foreignised in Africa would never permit Obama to dream of becoming a local councillor, let alone aspiring for the Presidency in an African country. Even within the same country, claims of who is an indigene, a settler, a resident, and so on, are used to disempower fellow citizens.”



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As earlier promised, our memo this week will focus on the accomplishments of our first republican president for the Zambian Enterprise as he celebrates his birthday anniversary.  

We understand that most Africans get their understanding of historical records based on the west and understandably so; because a large part of our history on the entire continent has been written for us by western scholars.


What we have found over the years is that such writings are usually biased, in most cases not fully factual and at best mostly incomplete. They tend to serve the egos of the writer more than the premise of shared knowledge.


We at the Chronicle will endeavor to rewrite our own history in most instances and what a better time to start than during commemorative events such as a birthday of one of the greatest sons of Africa.


Brief Personal Background


He was born at Lubwa Mission near Chinsali in Northern Province on April 24, 1924 to missionary parents from Malawi. His parents moved to Zambia in 1904 as ordained minister and teacher. In fact his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia.


He was the youngest of eight siblings but grew up with determination and self respect of the older child. At an earlier age, Kenneth was seen by his peers as a natural born leader who for the most part had the ability to unity factions.


He was barely 19 when he began teaching at Lubwa after completing his education and by the time he was 20 years old, he was Headmaster there. He remained at Lubwa from 1944 to 1947 when he moved to the Copperbelt to found a farmer’s cooperative union in 1948.


While working on his cooperative venture he also worked as a boarding master at Mufulira Upper School (1948 – 1949) which period provided him with first hand discriminatory tendencies of white supremacy and its evil conniptions at the time.


Liberation Politics Unusual


His teaching job, cooperative venture and his welfare officer status accorded him the ability to see and understand the real sufferings of his country men and women and thus he decided to join forces with the African National Congress.


What most Africans don’t know is that the ANC was similar to a continental liberation movement not only in South Africa but almost across the whole Sub-Saharan region. It was a Black Movement that transcended regional and national borders at the time.


District and provincial centers were organized at various locales and so to be effective Kaunda thought he needed to be in a place where most people were familiar with his passion and norms. He thus left the Copperbelt and went back to the Northern Province where he quickly rose through the ranks.


Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula was the national president for the Zambian Chapter of ANC and he immediately noticed Kaunda accolades. Kenneth D Kaunda was asked to move to Lusaka in 1953 as Secretary General under the Nkumbula presidency.


In 1957 Kaunda traveled to India and met Mohandas Gandhi and was forever deeply influenced by the nonviolent civil disobedience principles he had devised and saw them as a way of leading the liberation struggle in his own nation.


Upon returning home, he shared both his passion and principles he had learnt from Gandhi with his boss (Nkumbula) but the later was seen more as an appeaser of whites more than a freedom fighter.


It is believed that Nkumbula’s attitude emanated from a series of prison stints he was forced to survive with Kaunda during the time he became Secretary General. They were frequently in and out of prison for brief periods between 1953 and 1958.


The fire in Kaunda’s belly was too much and his boss’ reluctance was not helping, so he broke camps with Nkumbula to form his new party called Zambia African National Union in 1958 a year after trying to get Nkumbula and company on board with the nonviolent movement.


To the contrary nor sooner had Kaunda formed his Zambia African National Union in 1958 than he had actually abandoned his nonviolent rule. Between 1958 and 1959 his party was at the center of the famous Cha Cha Cha movement which included burning schools, blocking roads, work walk outs and other arm twisting programs aimed at the white supremacists.


His party was banned and he was sentenced to prison for nine months. He served part of the sentence in Lusaka and the remainder was in Salisbury, present day Harare. It is believed that the Harare stint was designed to break Kaunda’s ego but instead it emboldened him.


While he was in prison Mainza Chona also left ANC to form the United National Independence Party (UNIP) in 1959 and when he (Kaunda) was released was immediately asked by him to be its president. Kaunda obliged, stood for legislative council elections and on October 30, 1962 he won, formed a coalition government with Nkumbula’s ANC serving as minister of local government and social welfare.


In government Kaunda rose to the rank of Prime Minister and used his diplomatic skills convincing and allaying huge European and Asian fears that black rule would not be detrimental to their welfare after all.


After wining their confidence, the Zambian Enterprise went through a series of complicated phases that finally earned us our independence on October 24, 1964 with the Kenneth D Kaunda as the First Republican President and Nkumbula as his vice.


Post-Independence Shenanigans


They say every politician develops a high level of shrewdness in order to survive and Kaunda was no different. His diplomatic skills did not only lead to independence, they also contributed to his ability to unite a nation of 72 tribes into one solid nation under the Tiyende Pamodzi mantra.


Tiyende Pamodzi was more than a unity phrase, it was also an inspirational diatribe that encouraged every Zambian to work hard as well as show a high level of discipline. The “One Zambia One Nation” mantra made every Zambian feel a sense of belonging thus saving the country from any traumas of  civil war.


By bestowing a sense of Christian socialism, properly packaged as Zambian Humanism, Kaunda skillfully managed to stem off all manner of tribalism and developed a sense of good neighborhoodness thus developing a closely neat society with the ability to notice dissensions from within as well as without.


However, his major test wasn’t until the Lenshina Uprising. A self-styled prophetess, Alice Lenshina of the Lumpa religious sect was a major force to reckon with. Kaunda banned the religion and Lenshina was expelled into Zaire, present day DRC.


The Lenshina Uprising was controversial in that former colonial matters were alleged to have been major sponsors, discouraging nationals from taking part in government programs thus instilling a rebellious notion of anti-nationalism that could have led to slow national development as well as ensuring  of anarchy.


Conflicts arose between UNIP youth and Lumpa members, especially in Chinsali District, where the headquarters of the church were. Kaunda sent in two battalions of the Northern Rhodesia Regiment. The fight led to the deaths of about 1500 villagers. Kaunda banned the Lumpa Church in August 1964 and proclaimed a state of emergency that was retained until 1991.


Kaunda also faced opposition at home, from such sources as Simon Kapwepwe’s United Progressive Party (UPP) and the followers of nationalist Harry Nkumbula. Beginning in 1968, Kaunda took steps to undermine his opponents’ power, for instance banning the UPP on charges of subversion.


In some cases, powerful dissidents were offered positions within the UNIP hierarchy. By the end of 1972, Kaunda had effectively established the UNIP as Zambia’s only legal political party under the Choma Declaration led by Mainza Chona.


His hardball political shenanigans include his ability to use political power to consolidate his rule using the one-party participatory democracy theory. It is believed that it was this theory that led to a series of failed coupe d’état attempts the final culminating into the famous Mwamba Luchembe.


Kaunda on the other hand considered these hardball tactics necessary evils for national security reason as he later confessed, “… Speaking from my own country’s experience at independence, we were a multiparty state …


Every general election or by-election, we bashed heads across the political divide, and unfortunately we had bodies to bury because of political differences, until … I reached a decision that we must come together and stop this nonsense. Fortunately, we came together and from that time on, it has always been peace. Every election, there is peace.”


Educational Achievements


One of the greatest achievements of Dr. Kaunda was in the area of education. At independence it was estimated that only 0.5% of the entire population had completed primary education as our educational system was one of the most poorly developed in the entire British Commonwealth.


Zambia had to invest heavily in education at all levels. Kaunda instituted a policy where all children, irrespective of their parents’ ability to pay, were given free exercise books, pens and pencils. The parents’ main responsibility was to buy uniforms, pay a token “school fee” and ensure that the children attended school.


Infra-structural development in this area involved building government primary and secondary schools, in every district however rural. This approach meant that the best pupils were promoted to achieve their best results, all the way from primary school to university level.


To compensate for the shortfall in skilled teaching professionals, the government paid a premium and hired expatriate teachers and professors from all over the world of different nationalists as the nation was in a hurry to develop its own human capacity.


The Zambian Enterprise had no university of its own at independence and within three years, the University of Zambia was opened in Lusaka in 1966. This was after Zambians all over the country had been encouraged to donate whatever they could afford towards its construction. Kaunda was appointed Chancellor and officiated at the first graduation ceremony in 1969.


The main campus was situated on the Great East Road, while the medical campus was located at Ridgeway near the University Teaching Hospital. In 1979 another campus was established at the Zambia Institute of Technology in Kitwe. In 1988 the Kitwe campus was upgraded and renamed the Copperbelt University.


Tertiary-level institutions were also established during Kaunda’s era and were vocationally focused falling under the aegis of the Department of Technical Education and Vocational Training.


They included the Evelyn Hone College of Applied Arts and Commerce and the Natural Resources Development College (both in Lusaka), the Northern Technical College at Ndola, Trades Training Institute in every major provincial capital, and teacher-training colleges.


One the other hand the ministry of education was tasked with a duty of acquiring scholarships for other deserving student in the USA, the UK, Germany, India, China, Yugoslavia, Russia and others. This translated to having a country that only had 109 graduates at independence to one of the most literate on the entire continent by 1991 when he relinquished power.


Infra-Structure Development


Zambia is one of the most urbanized Sub-Saharan countries. This is not by any means an accident, it was by design.


The National Development Planning Division at Cabinet office was one of the most successful on the entire continent.


It was so successful that Lusaka’s Cairo Road which was a dirt road at independence was turned into an hive of activities by 1991 with high rise building on every side. This was part of the Mulungushi reform of April 1968, a Zambian Marshall Plan if you like.


The government declared its intention to acquire an equity holding (usually 51% or more) in a number of key foreign-owned firms, to be controlled by the Industrial Development Corporation (INDECO).


By January 1970, Zambia had acquired majority holding in the Zambian operations of the two major foreign mining corporations, the Anglo American Corporation and the Rhodesia Selection Trust (RST); the two became the Nchanga Consolidated Copper Mines (NCCM) and Roan Consolidated Mines (RCM), respectively.


Kaunda announced the creation of a new parastatal body, the Mining Development Corporation (MINDECO). The Finance and Development Corporation (FINDECO) allowed the Zambian government to gain control of insurance companies and building societies.


The foreign-owned banks, such as Barclays, Standard Chartered and Grindlays, successfully resisted takeover.


When this happened, ZANACO was born and the bank grew to be one of the most successful banking stories emanating from Africa in the entire world. It had branches across the nation as wells a fully functional London branch with satellite or correspondent branches across Europe.


In 1971, INDECO, MINDECO, and FINDECO were brought together under an omnibus parastatal, the Zambia Industrial and Mining Corporation (ZIMCO), to create one of the largest companies in sub-Saharan Africa, with Kaunda as Chairman of the Board.


The management contracts under which day-to-day operations of the mines had been carried out by Anglo American and RST were ended in 1973. In 1982 NCCM and RCM were merged into the giant Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines Ltd (ZCCM). ZCCM became the world’s largest conglomerate trading shares with a dual listing at the London Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange as late as 1996.


The domino effect of these programs led to each of these, INDECO, MINDECO, FINDECO and ZIMCO welding a lot of financial resources that were used to build business houses headquartered along Cairo Road thus accelerating development in Lusaka at exponential rates.


Also most of the above were tasked with construction of housing units for their employees, thus resulting in speedy, well organized urban planned cosmopolitan areas such as Kabwata in Lusaka, Ndeke Village in Kitwe, Kafue Estates in Kafue, Maramba in Livingstone just to mention a few.


Other developmental programs involved the building of Mwembeshi Earth Station, commissioned in 1974 just ten years after independence is still one of the few in the world. The sad story is that even up to now it is underutilized as an international gateway. 

The creation of Kariba Dam culminated into the creation of the world’s largest man-made lake at the time. It also guaranteed hydro-electric production with the largest turbines on the continent, giving our Zambian Enterprise potential to electrify half of Africa at the time. 

ITT Supersonic based in Livingstone could have been considered as a rite of passage industry in the field of electronics. It has the capacity to produce telephone handsets, made radios and televisions sets with export markets all around Africa. It used to be a joy in the 70’s and 80’s to travel abroad and watch a television set made in Zambia.


Under INDECO, Zambia was the only country on the continent other than South Africa with assembly plants making and assemblying cars and trucks at the time. We used to make Fuso truck, minibuses (Fuso Canter) and Mitsubishi Galants in Chingola.


Livingstone Motor Assemblers was the epicenter of a modern day European style assembly plant producing Fiats from 127s, to 124s (getaway cars) to 131 – Miravioris and 132 GLS. These cars assembled in Zambia had markets to as far places as Benin.


In Ndola, we had Rover Zambia under Lonrho which produced the latest Peugeots such as 504s and Land Rovers.


The last latest Land Rover Discovery actually debutted in Zambia before it was unveiled in Europe. Our manufacturing base per capita was stronger than even some Eastern European nations at the time.


To avoid more rushed urbanization, Kaunda made sure each provincial capital was a hive of industrialization. Mansa had Mansa Batteries and produced those both for local and export markets, Chipata had Eagle Industries that produced bikes, Kasama was in charge of tobbacco affiliated businesses, Mongu took care of canneries, etc.


In our industrial hub, Dunlop used to make tires for export around the region, Serious International used to make designer suits with outlets in London, United Kingdom and Hamburg, Germany; Leyland Motors used to recondition engines for heavy duty equipment, Lever Brothers turned into ROP created household commodities, the list is endless.


The Mukuku Bridge at the time of commissioning was Africa’s longest bridge while the Tazara Railway line broke world construction records. The development of Africa’s longest pipeline at the time connecting Dar-es-Salaam and Indeni in Ndola was another major accomplishment not experienced before on the continent.


Foreign Policy & Diplomatic Skills



An outspoken supporter of the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa he also opposed Ian Smith’s white minority rule in Rhodesia. He allowed several African liberation fronts such as ZAPU and ZANU of Rhodesia and African National Congress to set headquarters in Zambia.


Former ANC president Oliver Tambo spent a significant proportion of his 30 year exile living and working in Zambia. Joshua Nkomo the leader of ZAPU also stationed a military base in Zambia. In retaliation the white minority governments of Rhodesia and South Africa frequently led espionage and bombing attacks in Zambia.


Herbert Chitepo, prominent ZANU leader, was killed in a car bomb in Lusaka in 1975. The struggle in both Rhodesia and South Africa and its offshoot wars in Namibia, Angola and Mozambique placed a huge economic burden on Zambia as these were the country’s main trading partners.


Kaunda was a strong supporter of the Non Aligned Movement. He hosted a NAM summit in Lusaka in 1970 and served as the movement’s chairman from 1970 to 1973. During the period he was also Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity which time he elevated the status of Africa around the world.


He maintained a close friendship with Yugoslavia’s long-time leader Tito and is remembered by many former citizens of Yugoslavia for weeping openly over his casket in 1980. Kaunda, in fact, had a house built in Lusaka for Tito’s visits to the country.


He had frequent but cordial differences with President Reagan whom he met 1983 and Margaret Thatcher mainly over what he saw as the West’s blind eye to apartheid but he always maintained warm relations with the People’s Republic of China


History will no doubt be kinder to Kaunda than current events might suggest. His individual bravery and leadership helped to establish Zambia as a nation during the twilight of colonial rule, and his international statesmanship has led to reforms even in the last bastion of minority rule, South Africa. 

 (In Picture Above KK Ballroom Dancing With Margaret Thatcher)

It is no wonder that the first country Nelson Mandela visited after leaving prison on February 27, 1990 was Zambia and was an honored guest of Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda. His greatest fall came when he did not realize it was time for others to take over, his greatest foul were his close associates who had not guts to tell him it was over.


After leaving politics Kaunda has dedicated the rest of his life to other human causes and he is a serious advocate on HIV/AIDS issues. On November 25,2002 Harvard University through the Harvard Public Health Program invited him to speak to more than 180 intellectual from around the world at the Snyder Auditorium.


He was also resident professor at Boston University from 2002 to 2004 where he performed among other duties not only pertaining to the plight of the victims of HIV/AIDS.


Dr. Kaunda was the first mainland Sub-Saharan head of state to allow free multi-party elections and relinquish power when he lost even before his constitutional mandate ended. Mathieu Kerekou of Benin had done so before but that was after his term had ended in March of 1991.


With so much accomplished, with so little pride; it is our turn as the Zambian Enterprise to do the right thing and honor Dr. Kaunda by naming Lusaka International Airport after him. Let us not forget that classy-daddy-3.gifeven the multi-party democracy we so cherish came about because he relinguished power voluntarily otherwise we could have been another case study.


Happy Birthday Great Son of Africa from all of us … that’s this week’s memo from us at the Zambian Chronicle … thanks a trillion.


Brainwave R Mumba, Sr.

CEO  & President – Zambian Chronicle


Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.


Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.


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Most countries, counties, cities and jurisdictions have found the importance of honoring certain people in their societies who have contributed to the greatest good. They do so by naming important installations, assets, streets, buildings, stadiums, airports, etc. after them.      



We at the Zambian Chronicle believe the time for the Zambian Enterprise to do just that has come. Next week we will be celebrating the 83rd birthday of our First Republican President HE Kenneth David Kaunda.


As a disclaimer none of us at the Chronicle has a vested interested in Dr. Kaunda at all, and we are embracing this purely based on principle and merit considering what the founding president did for our nation.


For some individuals, it is inextricably hard to believe that Dr. Kaunda did many great things for the sake of the Enterprise and we understand that but overall intellectual honesty testifies to the fact that if “we the people” do not appreciate him, others will to our own shame.


The British did not fully recognize Winston Church as a national hero, and they got a rude awakening when President John F Kennedy (US) in 1963 honored the Nobel Prize winner.


Churchill was honored again on November 29, 1995 by President Clinton. In an appearance that day before the British Parliament, President Clinton said, “I am pleased to announce here, the home of British freedom, that the United States will name one of the newest and most powerful of its surface ships, a guided missile destroyer, the United States Ship Winston Churchill.


Former US president Bill Clinton (l) talking to the first president of Zambia Dr Kenneth Kaunda at Lusaka Polo Club  on Saturday - Picture by Thomas Nsama“When that ship slips down the ways in the final year of this century, its name will ride the seas as a reminder for the coming century of an indomitable man who shaped our age, who stood always for freedom, who showed anew the glorious strength of the human spirit,” Clinton said.


To that effect we believe that in commemoration of his anniversary, Lusaka International Airport be renamed as Kenneth Kaunda International Airport. There several airports around the world that are named after important people even on our continent, Johannesburg International is now named after O R Tambo.


It was formerly officially known as Johannesburg International Airport and before that as Jan Smuts International Airport (explaining the airport’s ICAO code, FAJS) after the South African statesman of that name.


The first renaming was done in 1994 when the newly reformed South African government implemented a national policy of not naming airports after politicians. The policy was however reversed later, and the airport renamed again on 27 October 2006 after Oliver Tambo, the former President of the African National Congress (ANC).


On Dr. Kaunda’s birthday anniversary we at the Chronicle will be chronicling several accomplishments classy-daddy-3.gifthe former president did for the Enterprise and we will reinforce our calling for Lusaka International Airport to be renamed after him.


It is time, and that time is now to name one of the nation’s major installations after Dr. Kaunda; that’s this week’s memo from us at the Zambian Chronicle … thanks a trillion.


Brainwave R Mumba, Sr.

CEO & President – Zambian Chronicle


Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.


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b6_edited.jpegNegative Campaign ,Malicious Rumors, Gossip and Hatred on Aspiring presidential candidates are set backs and can bring a Destruction in Voting for a Great President. 

By Belliah K Theise

Having followed USA presidential debates and making comparisons of what is going on in the entire world with politics, we found similar paterns that has made third world countries be the way they are now, in terms of economy.

Here is what we have to say at Zambian chronicle:

As a presidential candidate aspiring for a public office, or you may be a voter. This is a time to revisit your weaknesses and try to improve on them.

Listed below are some of the things future Leaders should avoid in order to maintain peace and trust in people who they lead.

1.      Negative campaigns that may bring damage to the image of  the country and future leaders.

2.      Malicious Rumors, without meaning or basis

3.      Cheap Gossip

4.      Hatred

5.      Tribal 

6.  Racial discrimination 

  By all means, the above six elements  should not be used as a tool to bring down your rival or to pick a right candidate for president. Positive campaign builds and unites nations. Negative campaigns, brings anger, violent and divisions.

As a voter, learn to validate each rumor, do not be a follower.  Learn to use your own discretion, good sense of judgement and common sense, in critical matters like choosing or picking the right candidate as your commander in Chief.  Avoid operating like robots that are programed to perform certain functions.  Operating like a robot, makes both leaders and their voters look like idiots, when things go sour.

Important factor to Remember :

Separate Hollywood gossip of celebrities to  a presidential candidate gossip. We do understand that, there is no smoke without fire , but on the other hand,  Learn to separate facts from gossip,  Every voter should know that, NOT every rumor or gossip comes out to be 100% true. You as voters only  come to realize when it is too late, after you have voted for a wrong person, because you based your judgement on rumors.  People use rumors and gossip  for many reasons. May be for financial gain, hatred or other things.

Always keep in mind that, we humans always enjoy negatives, We all focus on unproductive rumors and gossip, that diverts us from dealing with serious topics that is affecting the country.  If a negative outweighs a positive side of a candidate, it takes away all the good work he/she has done.

Remember, Media and campaigns are there to help voters to pick the best candidate, but at the same time, politicians uses that as a tool to bring down their rival candidates, depending  how strong one has links to the media.  Many great leaders are brought down in no seconds, and voters end up voting for useless candidates.

Again… use your common sense and your good judgement, when you read negatives that comes flying on potential candidates.

Good luck to all the presidential candidates, as they go on the road to lead their nations with a passion at heart for their people. Stay focused on important issues that affects your country. Do not get rapped up in personal issues, that can bring harm to your country and comes back to haunt you.

You all have one purpose:- To save your nation with integrity. The same people you are trying to persuade to vote for you, will be the same people who will vote you out. Voters always keep a record. Campaign with a passion for your people and country at heart.

For voters, validate your candidates with facts, and basing your votes on malicious rumors or unproductive  gossip , that will not do good to your country in the future, will not help.

Thanks a trillion

Belliah K Theise

Copyrights © 2008 Zambian Chronicle. All rights reserved. Zambian Chronicle content may not be stored except for personal, non-commercial use. Republication and redissemination of Zambian Chronicle content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Zambian Chronicle. Zambian Chronicle shall not be liable for any errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in connection with the Zambian Chronicle content or from any damages arising therefrom.

Zambian Chronicle is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microplus Holdings International, Inc.

Copyrights © 2008 Microplus Holdings Int., Inc   

UN warns on food price inflation

Pakistani women at subsidised food store 03.03.08

Governments are urged to take action to help ease rising prices

The head of the UN World Food Programme has warned that the rise in basic food costs could continue until 2010.Josette Sheeran blamed soaring energy and grain prices, the effects of climate change and demand for biofuels.

Miss Sheeran has already warned that the WFP is considering plans to ration food aid due to a shortage of funds.

Some food prices rose 40% last year, and the WFP fears the world’s poorest will buy less food, less nutritious food or be forced to rely on aid.

Speaking after briefing the European Parliament, Miss Sheeran said the agency needed an extra $375m (244m euros; £187m) for food projects this year and $125m (81m euros; £93m) to transport it.

This is not a short-term bubble and will definitely continue
Josette Sheeran

She said she saw no quick solution to high food and fuel costs.

“The assessment is that we are facing high food prices at least for the next couple of years,” she said.

Miss Sheeran said global food reserves were at their lowest level in 30 years – with enough to cover the need for emergency deliveries for 53 days, compared with 169 days in 2007.

Biofuel prices

Among the contributing factors to high food prices is biofuel production.

Miss Sheeran says demand for crops to produce biofuels is increasing prices for food stuffs such as palm oil.

Miss Sheeran said governments needed “to look more carefully at the link between the acceleration in biofuels and food supply and give more thought to it”.

The WFP says countries where price rises are expected to have a most direct impact include Zimbabwe, Eritrea, Haiti, Djibouti, the Gambia, Tajikistan, Togo, Chad, Benin, Burma, Cameroon, Niger, Senegal, Yemen and Cuba.

Areas where the WFP is already seeing an impact include:

  • Afghanistan: 2.5 million people in Afghanistan cannot afford the price of wheat, which rose more than 60% in 2007
  • Bangladesh: The price of rice has risen 25% to 30% over the last three months. In 2007, the price rose about 70%.
  • El Salvador: Rural communities are buying 50% less food than they did 18 months ago with the same amount of money. This means their nutritional intake, on an already poor diet, is cut by half.
  • Anger over rising food prices have already led to riots in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Senegal and Morocco.

    The BBC is planning a special day of coverage of this issue on Tuesday 11 March, online, on radio and on TV.

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    The Lusaka Stock Exchange (LuSE) has received numerous queries from investors abroad on the operation of its stock market. In response, the LuSE has now made arrangements for Zambians abroad and foreign investors to easily buy and sell shares on its market. Please follow the notes and guidelines below.

    Select a broker of your choice from the list at the back and fill in an e-mail application form to open your share account. Upon receipt of your e-mail application form, the LuSE Broker should send you a note to confirm that your share account has been opened at the Central Share Depository [CSD] of the LuSE.

    The Broker should also advise you of your share account number.

    A copy of your application form will be sent to the LuSE by your broker for verification and recording.


    Zambians abroad and foreign investors can easily send money to their appointed broker with instructions to purchase shares on the LuSE. Call your broker for their bank account details.


    The LuSE has two custodian banks, namely Barclays Bank Zambia Ltd and Stanbic Zambia Ltd. Custodian banks provide safe custody of funds and securities in Zambia for both domestic and investors abroad.

    The custodian bank receives instructions from the client [investor abroad] and executes these in the domestic market. For a buying transaction, the custodian bank will receive the funds from the investor abroad.

    The custodian will then monitor the entire transaction, and release funds when the buy order has successfully been traded, cleared and settled on the LuSE. After settlement, the custodian may [if the client requests] proceed to hold the shares in a custodian sub-account in the CSD of the LuSE, on behalf of the investor abroad. The contact details for the LuSE custodians are shown at the back.

    Step 3: OBTAIN A CONTRACT NOTE FROM YOUR BROKER – This is important!

    Once your order to buy or sell has been traded (matched) at the stock exchange, the LuSE produces a trade confirmation report to your broker. Your broker is then required, under the Securities Act, to issue you a Contract Note within 24 hours. The contract note is the legal confirmation of the transaction. You should therefore receive an e-mail contract note from your broker to confirm that your buy or sell order has been matched on the LuSE and that the transaction will be irrevocably settled with finality 3 days after the trade (T+3].

    Contract notes should be filed and kept under the safe custody, as they are legal proof of the transaction.

    3 days after the trade, termed T+3, [excluding weekends and holidays], the matched trades are settled by the LuSE Central Share Depository. This settlement involves two simultaneous steps – the movement of money [payment] from the buyer to the seller and the movement of shares [delivery] from the seller to the buyer. This is termed Delivery versus Payment.

    Settlement is run everyday on the LuSE at 0900 hours and completed by 1100 hours, the brokers [seller’s side] receive money for all shares sold whilst the buyers receive the shares purchased as book entry credits to their share accounts in the CSD. Brokers are therefore in a position to pass on the money from the sale proceeds, to their clients the same day on T+3 when settlement is run.

    The procedure for selling shares is similar to that for buying shares as described above.

    To sell shares you should send an instruction to your broker or custodian bank preferably by fax or by e-mail.


    The LuSE website gives indicative share prices in Kwacha, US Dollars [or cents] British pounds [or pence] and South African rands [or cents] to assist investors abroad in their investment decisions.

    Latest share prices can be obtained by contacting your broker or the LuSE by phone or e-mail.

    Quarterly and final dividends, when declared, will be mailed to the address declared by the investor on the client account form.

    It is important therefore that the address declared to the LuSE on the share account application form is the same as the address for receipt of dividend payments. All other correspondence [annual reports, AGM notices, EGMs, etc] will be sent to this address.

    Investors abroad can subscribe to the LuSE Daily Stock News, Weekly Stock News or the Monthly Newsletter. Details on subscription are available from

    The LuSE market is designed to operate to current best international standards.

    The LuSE Listing Rules have been harmonised with those of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange [JSE]. The Zambian securities market is regulated by the Securities & Exchange Commission [SEC Zambia] under the Securities Act, Chapter 354 of the Laws of Zambia.

    The Securities Act is modelled on modern securities legislation as found in the developed economies, and seeks to provide adequate investor protection and the maintenance of a market that is fair, orderly, efficient and transparent.

    All players in the Zambian securities market [brokers, broking firms, and even the LuSE] are licensed by the SEC Zambia.

    If investors have any complaint or concern, they should contact the Director of Licensing at the SEC Zambia on e-mail: or telephone number 260 1 227012/226911 or fax number 260 1 225443. The SEC Zambia will investigate the matter to give appropriate redress and remedial action.

    First issued on 18 July 2000

    For further details, contact the LuSE CSD Manager on e-mail: or Telephone number 260 1 228594/228391 or fax number 260 1 225969

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