Unlocking A Door Way to Success….Kitwe Alumni Project to Build School Libraries Coming Soon.

Children.
Would you like to twin with a school in Zambia?We want to find 28 Essex schools to link with schools in Africa.

As part of the BBC’s Africa Season and World Class project, the BBC Essex Helpline are aiming to twin 28 schools in Essex with 28 schools in Zambia.The Helpline is working with the Zambia Open Community Schools (ZOCS) project. This charity gives children in Zambia the opportunity to go to community schools. Most of these youngsters are from homes where there is great poverty and sometimes HIV/AIDS.The twinning will help develop relationships and enrich learning and understanding in both communities from music to maths, art and poetry, from dance and sports to literacy and geography.For more details call the BBC Essex Helpline on 01245 348348.Web: bbc.co.uk/bbcafrica/africa05/ 

 

http://www.unza.zm/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4&Itemid=30

About UNZA

1950-1963 :
Some thought had been given in the early 1950s to the establishment of a University college in Lusaka, but such proposals as there may have been were abandoned in 1953 with the creation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland and the related political decision to establish a University college in Salisbury (now Harare). Almost ten years were to pass before the question of a University for the then Northern Rhodesia was formally re-opened.

This was done by the government which came into power in December 1962, and which for the first time consisted of a majority from the two nationalist parties, the United National Independence Party and the African National Congress. In March 1963, this Government appointed a Commission under the Chairmanship of Sir John Lockwood, a former Vice-Chancellor of the University of London, to advise on the development of a University. In its report, which was submitted in November 1963, the Lockwood Commission unanimously recommended the establishment of a University in Lusaka.

In January 1964, the Government signified that it accepted the recommendations of the Lockwood Commission and within four months there was an inaugural meeting of the Provisional Council of the University, the body charged with bringing the University into being.

In July 1964, the former Rhodes-Livingstone Institute, a research institute with an international reputation for scholarly research and publications in the field of social anthropology dating back to 1938, came under the jurisdiction of the Provisional Council. In July 1965, Dr D.G. Anglin, of Carleton University in Canada, was appointed as Vice-Chancellor. A month later, the Oppenheimer College of Social Service was incorporated into the University at a time when extensive additions to its premises in John Mbita Road, in the Ridgeway area of Lusaka, were already well under way.

In October 1965, His Excellency the President of the Republic of Zambia gave his assent to Act Number 66 of 1965 which commenced on 12 November 1965. Simultaneously, the Provisional Council reconstituted.

Recruitment of staff had been proceeding apace against the deadline set for the first intake of students, namely 17 March 1966. On that day the first academic session commenced at the Ridgeway Campus.

The President, Dr Kaunda was installed as Chancellor on 12 July 1966, in the presence of representatives of more than fifty other universities and some two thousand guests. The following day. The Chancellor laid the foundation stone for the University of Zambia on the Great East Road Campus.

The University began with three Schools: Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences – but as facilities developed and needs were recognised new Schools were added: Law (1967), Engineering (1969), Medicine (1970), Agricultural Sciences (1971), Mines (1973), Business and Industrial Studies (1978, at Ndola Campus), Environmental Studies (1981, at Ndola Campus), and Veterinary Medicine (1983).

In its first academic year the University enrolled 312 students. The numbers rose to over 1 000 in 1970 and ten years later stood at over 4 000. It was envisaged that eventually the total enrolment would level off at about 8 000 students. Since such a number could not be accommodated, academically or residentially at the main campus in Lusaka, it was decided in 1975 that the University would be developed on a federal basis and that it would comprise three constituent institutions, one at Lusaka, one at Ndola the third at Solwezi in the North-Western Province. A new University of Zambia Act that came into operation in 1979 provided a definitive constitution for this federal structure.

In anticipation of this development, and in response to the need to provide University training in the fields of accountancy and business administration, the University at Ndola opened in July 1978 with the establishment of a School of Business and Industrial Studies. The new Constituent Institution of the University of Zambia was accommodated at the Riverside Campus of the Zambia Institute of Technology in Kitwe, where teaching and residential facilities were readily available. But it was intended that the stay in Kitwe would be only temporary while physical planning, the mobilisation of resources and initial construction process got under way at the permanent site that had been acquired in Ndola.

However, in 1987 the Act that ushered in a federal structure for the University was reviewed and consequently it was decided to abolish the federal structure. Two Acts were passed establishing two autonomous universities, namely the University of Zambia and the Copperbelt University

Following the advent of the Third Republic in November 1991. Parliament passed the University Act No. 26 of 1992 which introduced important changes in the governance of the University. The 1992 Act provided for a titular chancellor, appointed by the President from amongst distinguished persons nominated by the Minister of Education. Previously the President had been the Chancellor of the two universities.

 

 

 Queen’s University – This Week’s Special

 

John F Kennedy once said, “…let us think of education as the means of developing our greatest abilities, because in each of us there is a private hope and dream which, fulfilled, can be translated into benefit for everyone and greater strength for our nation”. What Kennedy said is very important because our greatest abilities allow us to have advancements in any field of human endeavor. 

So our education page will focus on how we can share educational experience, use that experience to make our world a better place and help those that might need help on how others did to come along. We will enthuse ourselves with the intrigues of space exploration for instance, medical techniques, science and technology, accounting and finance, law, engineering, etc. If it is about learning, then lets talk about … we will encourage, experts from all walks of life to moderate. 

Some body once said the mind is a terrible thing to waste, so will use this forum to make sure we don’t waste it. Whoever he/she was, they were right about the mind … you can’t know it all. No matter how smart you are, no matter how comprehensive your education, no matter how wide ranging your experience, there is simply no way to acquire all the wisdom you need without the input of some one else. Every week we will choose one as the best of all articles from any expertise … thanks a trillion.

26 Responses to “Education”

  1. brainsplus Says:

    Astronauts Conduct 2nd of 3 Spacewalks
    Sunday, February 4, 2007 11:15 AM EST
    The Associated Press
    By MIKE SCHNEIDER

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — Small amounts of toxic ammonia leaked from a fluid line Sunday as two astronauts conducted the second of what could be a precedent-setting three spacewalks in nine days, upgrading the international space station’s cooling system.

    The ammonia flakes did not appear to make contact with Michael Lopez-Alegria or Sunita Williams. Mission Control told the astronauts to continue their task of hooking up ammonia fluid lines from a temporary cooling system to a permanent one.

    The astronauts looked over their spacesuits, gloves and helmets and found no ammonia residue.

    “I think we’re happy with what we see,” Lopez-Alegria said.

    Mission Control told the astronauts to expose their spacesuits to the sunlight in an effort to “bake off” any ammonia residue that may have gotten on them. The astronauts experience a sunrise every 1 1/2 hours.

    A leak occurred during a similar spacewalk by astronaut Robert Curbeam in 2001. During Lopez-Alegria and Williams’ first spacewalk together Wednesday, four or five flakes of ammonia fell from a cooling line cap but did not touch the astronauts.

    Nevertheless, Mission Control ordered the astronauts to take precautions against contamination since ammonia could cause respiratory problems for the three-person crew if enough of it got in the space station.

    “They look like pinpoints,” Lopez-Alegria told Mission Control on Sunday. “They don’t look like what we saw the other day, but they are coming out with some velocity.”

    Lopez-Alegria and Williams planned to complete almost identical tasks to ones they did during their spacewalk Wednesday, hooking up the permanent cooling system and covering up an obsolete radiator that removed heat from the space station.

    The third spacewalk is set for Thursday, marking the first time three spacewalks will have been conducted in such a short time at the space station without a space shuttle docked to it. Lopez-Alegria planned to conduct a fourth spacewalk with Russian flight engineer Mikhail Tyurin on Feb. 22.

    If the schedule stays in place, both U.S. astronauts would hold spacewalking records by the end of the month. Williams will hold the record for the most by a woman, and Lopez-Alegria will be the U.S. champion, surpassed only by Russian cosmonaut Anatoly Solovyov for the all-time record.

    ———

    On the Net:

    NASA: http://www.nasa.gov

    See more stories in this category
    Back to Previous Page

  2. brainsplus Says:

    The numbers are out … we have the top 500 best universities in the world for 2006 and nine of them are the United States of America …

    http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2006/ARWU2006TOP500list.htm

    World Rank Institution*
    1 Harvard Univ

    2 Univ Cambridge

    3 Stanford Univ

    4 Univ California – Berkeley

    5 Massachusetts Inst Tech (MIT)

    6 California Inst Tech

    7 Columbia Univ

    8 Princeton Univ

    8 Univ Chicago

    10 Univ Oxford

    Nine of the ten are in the United States of Amercia … thanks a trillion

  3. brainsplus Says:

    Zambia Welcomes First Private Science University

    SciDev.Net (London)
    March 19, 2007
    Posted to the web March 19, 2007
    Michael Malakata
    Lusaka

    http://allafrica.com/stories/200703191642.html

    A private university will promote research and development in Zambia

    Zambia’s first private university for science and technology will open in July, while the country’s state-run university faces problems due to a lack of government support. Victoria Falls University of Technology, based in Livingstone, Zambia, will offer training in information and communication engineering and agricultural food processing. Gertrude Akapelwa-Ehueni, chief executive officer of Victoria Falls, told SciDev.Net that the idea for the University was prompted by the shortage of science and technology skills in Zambia.

    She said an initial US$375,000 has been invested in the project, which is fully financed by private individuals, including Ehueni herself. The state-run University of Zambia (UNZA) currently has only a school of natural sciences, with places for a limited number of students. Minister of science and technology Brian Chituwo says there are about 300 science students at the university.

    UNZA has struggled to cope with rising student applications and faced department closures after the government was late in providing food and textbook subsidies to students, and failed to improve working conditions for lecturers.
    Ehueni said the new private university would not face closures as it does not rely on government funding and grants, raising money instead through tuition fees and private funding.

    She said the university will have an initial intake of 100 students and will also enrol students from other countries in southern Africa. Zambian minister of education Geoffrey Lungwangwa said the opening of the university was a step towards the development of Zambia’s economy through science and technology. “The University of Zambia cannot contain the number of [prospective] science students. The opening of the new university means that more people will be enrolled as science students,” he said. The first phase in Victoria Falls’ construction is underway with the renovation of the former Livingstone Institute.

  4. sociolingo Says:

    Actually only 8 are in the US.
    No 2 Cambridge is in the UK.

  5. sociolingo Says:

    Good for Zambia and Mme Ehueni! It is interesting to see she is one of the initial funders too.

    It is a start, and I wish the new university all success.

  6. brainsplus Says:

    Sociolingo,
    … you are right about the rankings, I am sorry I actually forgot that Oxford was in the 10th place making it 2 UK and 8 US universities … thanks a trillion

  7. brainsplus Says:

    Sociolingo,
    Victoria Falls Unversity is starting off well and I too am happy for Mme Ehueni … I think they might need more funding though but overall I wish them all the success, thanks a trillion

  8. brainsplus Says:

    Academic Office

    http://www.coppernet.zm/unza/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=44&Itemid=80

    This office is the Secretariat of the University Senate. It provides all the necessary information about studying at the University of Zambia (UNZA).

    Mrs S Mweene
    Admissions
    It processes the admissions of undergraduate students (new, re-admission, resumption, quota/programme changes, and transfer students). It prepares schedules of fees (i.e for locals/SADC and foreigners), accommodation charges, book and project/field work allowances for students, sessional dates and other documentation. It advises sponsors of students on student matters. It arranges talks on admissions with high schools in the country. It works with the University Provincial Offices on matters of admissions and examinations.

    Academic Records
    The office is the custodian of all academic records of students (current and former). It processes official transcripts, certificates and confirms authenticity of certificates whenever required. It is responsible for amendments of personal and academic records.
    Examinations
    The office administers the conduct of examinations. It prepares examination time-tables and venues. It provides examination regulations for students, lecturers and invigilators. It provides examination answer sheets and other stationery items. It ensures that examination regulations are strictly adhered to by all participants. It communicates with External Examiners and makes arrangements for their visits to UNZA.

    Graduation Ceremonies
    The office coordinates and is in charge of organising graduation ceremonies.

    Other Information
    Student population: 8500 (Undergraduates only)
    Schools: 9
    Undergraduate Teaching departments: 50
    Undergraduate Courses offered: 600 per semester
    Undergraduate Programmes: 25
    Fees: Between K3million and K4 million per semester
    Semesters: 2
    Academic Year: February to December

    Modes of Study: Full-Time, Distance, Evening and Part-Time
    Admission, Gender Policy: At least 30% females

    There is an affirmative action for the admission of candidates coming from rural high schools.

    Location
    The office is situated in the Humanities block on the 1st floor, rooms 1 – 19. You are most welcome. The Deputy Registrar, Mrs Sibeso Mweene gladly welcomes you and the ever cheerful staff of the office waits to assist and give you any information you may require.

    Our direct contacts are:
    Tel. (direct): 260 -1- 295220 (Switchboard) 260-1-291777

  9. belliah Says:

    Since Education is one of the main concerns that is lacking in our leaders, The goverment should consider Setting up the program that grooms, ministers serving the country. Like the way ZCCM did to its Employees. That is how some of us who had visions were given a chance. I went to chingola school of Accounts.The condition was, you pass your Exams, you move to the next Stage. And that is how I was introduced to ACCA. I think Goverment should not only send people to study business, But international relation programs. Seton Hall University, offers those programs. It is a Catholic University and its mission is help the community.They also have scholarship programs.
    Go to:
    http://www.SHU.edu click International relations program.If you need more Information do not hesitate to contact me for more information.

    theisebe@shu.edu

    Thanks a trillion

    Belliah
    Since they travel on diplomatic Passports and Visas

  10. belliah Says:

    About Career Vision Ambassadors posted by Belliah K Theise
    Career Vision Ambassadors will be expounding upon a component of our program that addresses an immediate need in the urban community for girls dealing with E.D.D. (Economic Distress Disparity). Public and private grant funding allows us to service more girls and their families through public policy responsiveness to rise above the glass ceiling for women of color, specifically coming out of the urban population. To date we have serviced in excess of 500(+) adolescent girls at the local level with our career skills building workshops, career related internships, job shadowing, peer-to-career mentoring, workforce development training, and professional career travel. The uniqueness of our program is that it addresses specific disparity issues concerning 21 st century women that will soon enter the workplace prepared and ready as early as the middle and high school level(s) to become immediate value-added employees. We have learned that through early exposure to career issues facing women of color in the workplace our girls are able to identify economic barriers, identify needed courses of action(s) and pursue multiple ways to overcome temporary obstacles. After meeting with the Honorable Mayor Wayne Smith of Irvington Township, in essence, we traveled to The United Nations, New York, Human Resources Management Department, as well as Washington, DC to meet with Senator Jon Corzine’s Office, to discuss overall resolutions pertaining to urban economic global distress and disparity differentials facing African American Women. Our career travels produced invaluable exchange of information and resourceful career networking opportunities for the girls.

    Career Vision Ambassadors is a charitable, social, educational, career oriented, tax exempt, non profit 501c(3) organization that offers critically needed services to young women struggling from low self-value, poverty, homelessness, insufficient education, discrimination and deteriorating welfare. Our organization is a 4-tier program that consist of the Irvington Ambassadors, Scholars, Leading Ladies and Elite Alumni. We align our efforts with community leaders and perform annual civic duties throughout Essex County.

    Benefit to the School District – Over 85% of our girls are from single parent/ incarcerated family households and are challenged by daily “economical” survival and insufficient workforce development training. Girls gravitate towards our extracurricular non-traditional type of learning because it is hands-on and geared towards practicing short-term perseverance techniques to accomplish long-term results in a safe, un-judged and friendly setting. Our curriculum is structured in accordance to meet the requirements of the New Jersey Department of Education Core Curriculum Standards: Cross-Content Workplace Readiness, 9.1 Career and Technical Education, 9.2 Consumer, Family and Life Skills. We work in coordination with the school districts administrative personnel. As our program is housed within Irvington’s Public Library History Room we travel to local schools to provide “hot topic” career symposiums separate from our program’s weekly, bi-weekly and monthly career workshops. The project’s prudent development over the past 2 years under the auspice guidance of Executive Director, Catherine V. Sauls, has been requested by the community/parents to expand their services.

    Career Vision Ambassadors is committed to redefining & shaping adolescent career strategies through consistent training programs, peer structured mentoring and collaborative partnerships. If you would like to Partner With Us or give a donation to help change young lives, please click on the Donations button.

    Catherine V. Sauls
    Executive Director
    Career Vision Ambassadors
    c/o Public Library
    Irvington , NJ 07111
    (973) 372-6400 Ext. 16 Office
    (973) 275-9626 Fax
    1 (800) 436-9773 Answer Service

  11. belliah Says:

    Choose Your Language Of Preference Below

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    Livingstone, David
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    Livingstone, David (Blantyre, Scozia 1813 – Chitambo, Zambia 1873), esploratore e missionario scozzese. Inviato come medico e missionario nell’Africa meridionale (1840) dalla Società per le Missioni Protestanti di Londra, raggiunse Kuruman, un piccolo centro creato nell’attuale Botswana dal missionario scozzese Robert Moffat, del quale sposò poi la figlia. Si diede subito a svolgere opera missionaria, nonostante l’ostilità dei coloni boeri (bianchi di origine olandese), ma dal 1845 la sua attività prevalente fu quella di esploratore. Nel 1849 attraversò il deserto del Kalahari e raggiunse il lago Ngami. Nel 1851, primo uomo bianco, arrivò, con la moglie e il figlio, al fiume Zambesi. In una serie di nuove esplorazioni tra il 1852 e il 1855, da Città del Capo si spinse fino all’oceano Atlantico, lungo la costa dell’attuale Angola, presso Luanda, e discese lo Zambesi per tutta la sua lunghezza, scoprendo le cascate Vittoria (1855).

    Le sue esplorazioni imposero la revisione di tutte le carte geografiche dell’Africa. Insignito di due medaglie d’oro dalla Società geografica britannica (1856), divenne celebre anche per il suo libro, Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa (Viaggi missionari e ricerche in Africa meridionale, 1857). Nel 1858 fu nominato console britannico nel possedimento portoghese di Quelimane (nell’odierno Mozambico) e nello stesso anno esplorò il fiume Chire, uno dei tributari dello Zambesi, primo europeo a raggiungere il lago Niassa. Nel 1861 attraversò la regione del fiume Rovuma e del lago Chilwa, rimanendo profondamente colpito dagli abusi perpetrati dai commercianti di schiavi arabi e portoghesi sulle popolazioni indigene. Il suo libro Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambezi and Its Tributaries (Racconto di una spedizione allo Zambesi e ai suoi affluenti, 1865), oltre che il resoconto delle sue esplorazioni e un’accurata analisi delle possibilità commerciali offerte da quelle regioni (gli attuali Malawi e Mozambico), conteneva anche una dura condanna nei confronti della tratta degli schiavi. Partito alla ricerca delle sorgenti del Nilo (1866), esplorò lo spartiacque che separa il bacino del Nilo da quello del Congo e, nel 1869, risalendo il fiume Rovuma, raggiunse la sponda orientale del lago Tanganica presso Ujiji.

    Henry Morton Stanley, giornalista ed esploratore anglo-americano che nel 1869 era partito alla ricerca del missionario, del quale in Europa non si avevano più notizie, si unì a lui nell’ottobre del 1871. Secondo la tradizione, Stanley si rivolse al collega con la celebre frase: ‘Doctor Livingstone, I suppose!’. Insieme fino al 1872, compirono numerose spedizioni lungo la costa settentrionale del lago Tanganica. Stanley ritornò poi verso Zanzibar e Livingstone riprese instancabile la ricerca delle sorgenti del Nilo, fino alla morte per malattia. Nel 1874 i suoi resti (il suo cuore era stato seppellito dai suoi compagni tra le radici dell’albero sotto il quale era spirato) furono raccolti nell’abbazia di Westminster.

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  12. belliah Says:

    David Livingstone

    Livingstone, David (1813-1873), Scottish missionary and physician, who spent half his life exploring southern and central Africa. In addition to adding greatly to Europe’s knowledge of the continent’s geography, he heightened Western awareness of Africa and stimulated Christian missionary activity there. His activities helped bring about the Scramble for Africa, in which European powers seized virtually all of Africa in the late 19th century and early 20th century.

    One of the mapping sketches by Livingstone
    sent to the Royal Geographic Society in London

    Livingstone was born in Blantyre, Scotland, to religious, working-class parents. At age ten he began working in the local cotton mill, with long hours and meager pay. He read and studied diligently when not at work and in 1836 entered Anderson’s College (now the University of Strathclyde) in Glasgow. Theology and medicine were his primary interests. In 1838 the London Missionary Society accepted him as a candidate, and two years later he received a medical degree from the University of Glasgow. The First Opium War (1839-1843) between Britain and China ruined his hopes of becoming a medical missionary to China, but the missionary society arranged a new placement for him in southern Africa.

    former British Counsel building in Stone Town, Zanzibar

    Livingstone was 27 when he arrived at Cape Town on Africa’s southern tip in 1841. He proceeded to the missionary society’s most northerly station, Kuruman, on the southern fringes of the Kalahari Desert. The station was led by fellow Scottish missionary Robert Moffat. Dissatisfied with the small number of converts at Kuruman, and having a growing desire to, as he put it, “preach the gospel beyond every other man’s line of things,” Livingstone began adventuring northward. Within a few years he had his own station at Mabotsa on the headwaters of the Limpopo River. In 1845 Livingstone married Mary Moffat, one of Robert Moffat’s daughters whom Livingstone had met at Kuruman. Through the early years of his explorations, Mary and their children would travel with Livingstone, facing considerable hardship as they did so.

    As a missionary, Livingstone quickly came to believe that his primary task was not to remain in one spot, preaching the gospel to the few local people willing to listen. Instead, he should keep on the move, reaching new groups and extending to them an acquaintance with Christianity. Eventually he would expand this idea into a belief that his role was to “open up” Africa’s interior to broader influences from Western civilization. Once that occurred, he reasoned, commerce and Christianity would work hand in hand to end slave trading and uplift African peoples. Such motives drove Livingstone (“I will open a way to the interior or perish,” he vowed to his brother) and turned him into one of Europe’s greatest African explorers.

    In 1849, with two European sportsmen and an African guide, Livingstone crossed the Kalahari Desert and found Lake Ngami, legendary among the people of the southern Kalahari for the rich, fertile area surrounding it. He had hoped to reach the Makololo people farther north (Livingstone had reason to believe that the Makololo chief would be open to a Christian mission), but failed to reach that area. Two years later, accompanied by his wife and children, Livingstone crossed the desert again. This time he reached the Makololo, whose chief welcomed him, and sighted the upper Zambezi River. Livingstone envisioned the Zambezi as a navigable waterway that would help open central Africa’s interior.

    church in Bagamoyo where his body lay in state

    Other Photos from Bagamoyo

    Livingstone returned to Cape Town in 1852, sent his family to England, and then made preparations for a return expedition. His intentions were to locate a healthy site in Makololo country to build a mission and trading center, and to find a route from the upper Zambezi to one of Africa’s coasts. Over the next four years, he undertook this remarkable venture. First he traveled back to the Zambezi, then west to the Atlantic Ocean coast at Luanda (now in Angola). Having failed to find a navigable waterway to connect the river and the coast, Livingstone returned to the Zambezi and headed downriver. In spite of repeated episodes of malaria, dysentery, and hunger, he kept careful geographical records, which would fill huge gaps in European knowledge of central and southern Africa. In 1855 Livingstone became the first European to see the Zambezi’s spectacular plunge into a narrow gorge, which he named Victoria Falls after reigning British monarch Queen Victoria. Livingstone reached the mouth of the Zambezi on the Indian Ocean in May 1856, becoming the first European ever to cross the full width of southern Africa.

    Livingstone returned to England in 1856 a national hero, and he was honored by the Royal Geographical Society. His book Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa (1857) sold widely and he made speeches across the country. One speech, at Cambridge University, led to the establishment of the Universities Mission for Christian Work in Africa. In 1857 he resigned from the London Missionary Society, whose directors were not convinced that he was spreading the gospel through his journeys. With Mary and one son, he left for Africa again in March 1858, this time with an official appointment as Her Majesty’s Consul for the East Coast of Africa.

    house where he lived in Zanzibar

    Between 1858 and 1863, with half a dozen British assistants and a succession of steam vessels, Livingstone explored the Zambezi, the Shire River, Lake Nyasa, and the Ruvuma River. In 1861 Livingstone helped the Universities Mission set up a station near Lake Chilwa, south of Lake Nyasa; the death of the mission’s leader and its withdrawal within a year were bitter disappointments. A more personal blow was the death of Mary Livingstone in April 1862 from malaria. In addition, Livingstone was disheartened by the slave trading between Lake Nyasa and Africa’s east coast. Encounters with marches of manacled slaves and with an entire countryside devastated by warring and slave raiding weighed heavily on him. Livingstone was ordered home in 1864 by a British government disappointed by the results of his explorations.

    LIVINGSTONE’S FINAL JOURNEY

    Back in England, Livingstone remained immensely popular with the Royal Geographical Society and the British public. His speeches about the need to take action against the slave trade and his publication of Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambezi and Its Tributaries (1865) brought private support for another venture, this time to explore the watersheds (divides between river drainage basins) of central Africa. This expedition would search for the source of the Nile, a topic hotly debated in Europe, and report further on the slave trade in the region. Livingstone never lost hope that “civilizing influences” could begin the process of suppressing the slave trade, which he termed “that enormous evil.” Appointed British consul to Central Africa, without salary, he left for Africa in 1865.

    slave chains
    sent back to London by Livingstone
    to show the horrors of slavery
    (held by Dr. Andrew Tatham, Keeper of Collections,
    Royal Geographic Society in London)

    Livingstone’s final expedition lasted from 1866 until his death in 1873. Accompanying him throughout were two Africans: Chuma, a freed slave, and Susi, a man employed earlier to work on an expedition steamer. Livingstone tried once more, unsuccessfully, to penetrate eastern Africa by way of the Ruvuma River. Then, ridden with various fevers and becoming increasingly frail, he explored Lake Nyasa, Lake Mweru, Lake Bangweulu, and the watercourses of rivers flowing into and out of these lakes. From Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika he accompanied a group of Arab slave traders westward, in March 1871, becoming the first European to reach the Lualaba River. Livingstone theorized that the Lualaba was the headwaters of the Nile (it is actually the headwaters of the Congo River), but instability caused by slave raiding made further exploration impossible. With his health deteriorating, he made it back to Ujiji in October.

    to commemorate their meeting at this place in Ujiji

    Other Photos from Ujiji

    Throughout most of these last explorations, Livingstone was unable to get word out about his activities, and his welfare became a matter of international concern. Five days after his arrival in Ujiji, a rescue party headed by Anglo-American explorer and journalist Henry Morton Stanley reached Livingstone. Stanley supposedly greeted Livingstone with the famous words “Dr Livingstone, I presume?” After Livingstone convinced Stanley that he was not in need of rescue, the two men explored Lake Tanganyika together. Then, with replenished supplies, Livingstone made off on his own again, toward Lake Bangweulu, and continued his efforts to find the source of the Nile. Dysentery eventually weakened him to the point that he had to be carried on a stretcher, and finally he could not travel at all. He died in Chitambo (in present-day Zambia) in May 1873. Chuma and Susi buried his heart at the foot of a nearby tree and dried and wrapped Livingstone’s body.

    carved trunk of the tree from where Livingstone was buried
    (now in the Royal Geographic Society, London)

    They then carried the body, along with Livingstone’s papers and instruments, to the Indian Ocean coast and the island of Zanzibar, a trip that lasted nine months.

    Cross in the Anglican church in Zanzibar

    the plaque’s inscription

    In April 1874 Livingstone’s remains reached England by boat and were buried in Westminster Abbey in London.

    His Grave in Westminster Abbey

    The hero’s funeral fixed British attention once more on Africa and Livingstone’s ideas for African progress. The Last Journals of David Livingstone in Central Africa (1874) was published after his burial.

    His famous Counsel’s Hat
    and the sextant he used in the field
    (now preserved at the Royal Geographic Society in London)

    No European explorer did so much for knowledge of African geography as Livingstone. For more than 30 years he traveled across one-third of the continent, making careful observations of people and places. By the time of his death, the Western world had a heightened interest in Africa and a greatly enhanced idea of what was there. His explorations revealed that the interior of the African continent was not an arid wasteland, as many 19th-century geographers believed. He also inspired countless Christian missionaries to work among Africans. Moreover, in his long effort to marshal English interest in the tragedies associated with slave trading in central and east Africa, he provided new moral incentives for European colonization of Africa. His idea of opening Africa to Christianity and legitimate commerce, the latter to replace the slave trade, became the standard rhetoric of European colonialists through the subsequent years of the Scramble for Africa.

    Text By: Donald R. Wright for Microsoft Encarta

  13. belliah Says:

    Posted on February 14th, 2008

    Blood sucking flies have infested in
    Kazungula District, attacking and killing donkeys, cattle, and pigs.

    The flies that are believed to have originated from Botswana are
    attacking animals in Sikaunzwe and part of Makunka areas in Kazungula
    District.

    According to Kazungula Central Veterinary Assistant, Athens
    Hamankolo, the deadly flies were first reported in 2006 and claimed 15
    herds of cattle, mostly dairy animals.

    Mr. Hamankolo told ZANIS that thousands of flies are found on each
    animal which he said is making animals to fail to graze or move.

    He said all animals in the area are affected and dying from lose of
    blood and hunger.

    Mr. Hamankolo observed that the flies are actively biting animals
    from the early hours and late hours of the day.

    He further said that the deadly flies are thriving in wet conditions
    especially in flooded areas.

    “The flies are mostly found in flooded areas and increase in number
    during the rainy season. In dry conditions they disappear,” he said.

    Meanwhile, Winfred Machaya, a veterinary assistant in Makunka has
    advised farmers to buy cylence dip, which, he said, keeps flies away
    from the animals.

    He further urged farmers who are affected by floods and need to move
    to higher and drier ground to avoid moving their animals during the
    day.

    Mr. Machaya said moving animals during the day will result in the
    spread of flies to others areas adding that the flies are attacking
    animals during day time.

    He said so far samples have been sent to Lusaka so as to
    determine the disease that the flies could pass on to livestock and to
    help determine the type of drug to be used.

    The blood sucking flies have so far claimed five donkeys since they
    infested the area in January this year.

    Categories: Health
    Tags:


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  19. Umu-Lamba Says:

    We need to improve our Standard of Education in the country.period!How many graduates can proudly say they play an important role as Economists when our Economic policy is drawn in Washington DC ?come on pips wake up and smell the coffee already!!!!!!!!!!!

  20. Umu-lamba Says:

    i hold david Livingston not highly at all,have you seen his statue in Livingstone?it has inscriptions “conquerer of Africa”he was sent by the Govt of england whose head was Victoria,Africa was colonised by the mostly the Brits,Go figure History has to be written as we Africans see it,i don’t care what people say,why should others write your history,don’t you have pride in your past?of course they will write things to say they where “civilised” and we were ‘savages’Frikkin A……….

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